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FSC239Y5 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Eccrine Sweat Gland, Anatomical Terms Of Location, Fingerprint Powder


Department
Forensic Science
Course Code
FSC239Y5
Professor
Wade Knaap
Study Guide
Midterm

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Forensic Identification 01:44
FSC239
*forensic identification vs. forensic science
Identification:
fingerprints (#1), DNA, odontology
victims, suspects, witnesses
Forensic - “What is that?
Forensic:
Latin - forensis public, forensic, from forum
Belonging to, used in, or suitable to the courts or to public discussion and
debate
Relating to or dealing with application scientific knowledge (as of medicine or
linguistics) to legal problems
Locard's exchange principle:
"Wherever he steps, whatever he touches, whatever he leaves, even
unconsciously, will serve as a silent witness against him. Not only his
fingerprints or his footprints, but his hair, the fibers from his clothes, the
glass he breaks, the tool mark he leaves, the paint he scratches, the blood
or semen he deposits or collects. All of these and more, bear mute witness
against him. This is evidence that does not forget. It is not confused by the
excitement of the moment. It is not absent because human witnesses are. It
is factual evidence. Physical evidence cannot be wrong, it cannot perjure
itself, it cannot be wholly absent. Only human failure to find it, study and
understand it, can diminish its value.”
— Paul L. Kirk
Forensic Sciences:
natural sciences
academic - theory based
laboratory - bench scientists
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Centre of Forensic Sciences:
biology, chemistry, toxicology, pathology, entomology, photo and video
analysis, electronics, questioned/indented writings, ballistics/firearms
Forensic Identification:
applied science
based on scientific methodology, but investigative based
forensic identification officers
scenes of crime officers
uniform (sworn) officers
forensic identification technicians (new position)
Police Services Act Ontario Regulation 3/99 Adequacy and Effectiveness of
Police Services:
(3) Every chief of police shall establish procedures and processes on
problem-oriented policing and crime prevention initiatives, whether the
police force provides community-based crime prevention initiatives or
whether crime prevention initiatives are provided by another police force or
on a combined or regional or co-operative basis or by another organization.
O. Reg. 3/99, s. 3.
(5) (1) Police forces shall have,
(a) a communications centre;
(b) a criminal intelligence capacity;
(c) a crime analysis, call analysis and public disorder analysis capacity; and
(d) investigative supports, including supports in the areas of scenes of crime
analysis, forensic identification, canine tracking, technical collision
investigation and reconstruction, breath analysis, physical surveillance,
electronic interception, video and photographic surveillance, polygraph and
behavioral science. O. Reg. 3/99, s. 5 (1).
The Ministry of…
“The trial of the accused has become a mere side-show; the trial of the
investigation is now the main event”
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Why are Forensics in the Spotlight
What are the top television shows in Canada?
CSI, Bones…
CSI (the show) vs. FIS
33 Whitehorn Avenue
3D Lasers
www.ai2-3d.com
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find more resources at oneclass.com
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