Final Exam December 2010 Review Questions Contains most of the 53 review questions that was given.

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Amrita Daniere

GGR345Practice Questions for the Final Test December 2010Exam 257 multiple choice questions one mark each1 short answer 3 marks chose out of three2 long answers 4 marks each chose out of four1 long answer 7 marks1How is the transportation system in Bogota posed as an alternativeAlternativeSince Bogota is a poor country instead of funding roadways as much and subway more funding is towards free public transportationGive priority to public transit as well as pedestrians and cyclists was essential to relieving traffic anarchy creating a functional livable and sustainable citythAlternative to afamily car which reduces pollution on its 5 anniversary in 05 it dropped 40 of the air pollution levels and 32 in average commenting time without subsidiesCreated an equality between classes2How do streets connect us as people and communities apart from being used for vehicles The fewer the cars using streets the more people will know one anotherMore social relationships and places to play interact and be happyAbsence of pollutionAbsence of stressThe importance of quite absence of noise3In Lakes lecture what is the significance of the relationship between transportation and the social environment The fear of outside will hinder confidence independence leadership Children are becoming physicallymentally and socially disabled by supervisionChildren are afraid of trafficoWith development transportation the problems are getting worstThe poorer you are the more important public space and the streetStreets are used for commerce socializing culture etc cars are not equally distributed worldwide so why are so many cities ending up with carcentered designs4How is natural resource extraction political How does it affect the North and the South differently Extraction took many forms during colonial periods in AfricaDuring colonial period slavery land metal caused an extractive relationshipSfricaSlaveryLandTerritoryBecause of nature of extraction the south didnt earn much money country itselfExtraction excellerated in the last 40 years making africa poorer and harmed environmentallyExtraction in global south has harmed communities Ex Niger Delta in Nigeria oil extractionMany oil companies Nigeria became more socially accountable more collaborative approach Shell has partnered up with NGOs to take a more community based approachWorld bank est the Oil GasMining Sustainable Community Fund in 2006Critique Shouldnt these costs be borne by the mining companies Resettlement oThe costs and complexity of relocating people while building dams is underestimatedoImpacts can last decades underestimated oSocial networks distoryedoDriven by technical considerations corporations5What are some of the ways in which participation can be gendered Answer should include any 3 of the following pointsiParticipation can be determined by rules eg allowing only one person per household to participateiiParticipation can be determined by norms eg gender segregation of public space division of labour or behavioural normsiiiParticipation can be determined by perceptions eg mens perceptions of womens abilitiesivParticipation can be determined by entrenched claims and control over community structuresvParticipation can be determined by the personal endowments and attributes of those affected eg propertyviParticipation can be determined by the household endowments and attributes of those affectedAnswer should identify that cultural norms and values shape ideas about work about what is appropriate or inappropriate work for men and women 1 Answers could include any 2 of the following 234iIt is inappropriate in many Muslim countries for women to work outside the home and in particular in public spaces with male strangersiiWomen in the South often are responsible for domestic labour in addition to monetized labour iii Many men have lost employment in traditional male sectors such as mining and manufacturing which has led to tensions among men and womenivWomen are highly likely to be employed in the informal economy in the South which can be precarious exploitative and pay less than the formal sector
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