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Final

Final Exam December 2010 Review Questions Contains most of the 53 review questions that was given.


Department
Geography
Course Code
GGR345H5
Professor
Amrita Daniere
Study Guide
Final

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GGR345 Practice Questions for the Final Test- December 2010
Exam ( /25)
7 multiple choice questions (one mark each)
1 short answer (3 marks chose out of three)
2 long answers (4 marks each chose out of four)
1 long answer (7 marks)
1. How is the transportation system in Bogota posed as an alternative?
Alternative:
Since Bogota is a poor country instead of funding roadways as much and
subway more funding is towards free public transportation.
Give priority to public transit as well as pedestrians and cyclists was essential
to relieving “traffic anarchy” creating a functional livable and sustainable city
Alternative to a family car which reduces pollution, on its 5th anniversary in
’05 it dropped 40% of the air pollution levels and 32% in average commenting
time- without subsidies
Created an equality between classes
2. How do streets connect us as people and communities apart from being used
for vehicles?
The fewer the cars using streets the more people will know one another
More social relationships and places to play interact and be happy
Absence of pollution
Absence of stress
The importance of quite (absence of noise)
3. In Lake’s lecture, what is the significance of the relationship between
transportation and the social environment?
The fear of outside will hinder confidence, independence, leadership
Children are becoming physically , mentally and socially disabled by
supervision
Children are afraid of traffic
oWith development transportation the problems are getting worst
The poorer you are the more important public space and the street
Streets are used for commerce, socializing, culture etc, cars are not equally
distributed worldwide so why are so many cities ending up with car-centered
designs?
4. How is natural resource extraction political/ How does it affect the North and
the South differently?
Extraction took many forms during colonial periods in Africa:
During colonial period slavery, land metal caused an extractive relationship(Sfrica)
-Slavery
-Land
-Territory
Because of nature of extraction the south didn’t earn much money (country itself)

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Extraction excellerated in the last 40 years making africa poorer and harmed
environmentally.
Extraction in global south has harmed communities. Ex: Niger Delta in Nigeria (oil
extraction).
Many oil companies (Nigeria) became more socially accountable more collaborative
approach
Shell has partnered up with NGOs to take a more community based approach.
World bank est. the Oil, Gas & Mining Sustainable Community Fund in 2006.
Critique: Shouldn’t these costs be borne by the mining companies.
Resettlement
oThe costs and complexity of relocating people while building dams is under-
estimated.
oImpacts can last decades (underestimated)
oSocial networks distoryed
oDriven by technical considerations (corporations)
5. What are some of the ways in which participation can be gendered?
Answer should include any 3 of the following points:
i. Participation can be determined by rules, e.g. allowing only one person per
household to participate
ii. Participation can be determined by norms, e.g. gender segregation of public
space, division of labour or behavioural norms
iii. Participation can be determined by perceptions, e.g. men’s perceptions of
women’s abilities
iv. Participation can be determined by entrenched claims and control over
community structures
v. Participation can be determined by the personal endowments and attributes
of those affected, e.g. property
vi. Participation can be determined by the household endowments and
attributes of those affected
Answer should identify that cultural norms and values shape ideas about work, about
what is appropriate or inappropriate work for men and women (1). Answers could include
any 2 of the following (2,3&4):
i. It is inappropriate in many Muslim countries for women to work
outside the home, and in particular in public spaces with male
strangers
ii. Women in the South often are responsible for domestic labour in
addition to monetized labour
iii. Many men have lost employment in traditional ‘male’ sectors such
as mining and manufacturing which has led to tensions among men
and women
iv. Women are highly likely to be employed in the informal economy
in the South which can be precarious, exploitative and pay less
than the formal sector

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v. Because of the gendered nature of work, men and women
experience changing economic or political processes in differing
ways
Answer should include that recent efforts focusing on the participation of communities in
the governance of natural resources are gendered (1). Answer should include any 2 of the
following points (2):
i. Participation is gendered in accordance with social rules, e.g.
allowing only one person per household to participate
ii. Participation can be determined by norms, e.g. gender segregation
of public space, division of labour or behavioural norms
iii. Participation can be determined by perceptions, e.g. men’s
perceptions of women’s abilities
iv. Participation can be determined by entrenched claims and control
over community structures
v. Participation can be determined by the personal endowments and
attributes of those affected, e.g. property
vi. Participation can be determined by the household endowments and
attributes of those affected
6. Why are some people considered developed while others are not?
The world developed is a northern world to compare themselves to the south
The difference is their understanding: (south from south)
oTraditions- popular contrast to the atheist North to a more cultural
traditional religious south
Asian values (communal) while North (individualistic)
oModernity- attract money from foreign investors with hi-tech
infrastructure /opportunities but voids those that made it and are
displaced
Fixation with modernization which ties development as
progress
oAlternatives- to counter northern ideas of progression
Escobar alternatives to western power imbalances in
civilization
Cuba providing free Medicare to all countries
7. How will deforestation and high yield crops affect biodiversity?
8. When was the Basel convention created and ratified? What is its
significance?
a. It was ratified by 1992, and 1994
b. Creatd in 1989
c. US, Australia, Canada and Japn haven’t ratified
d. http://www.basel.int/convention/basics.html
e. it was a convention on the controlling of hazardous waste transport
between nations.
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