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Study Guide

[HIS101H5] - Final Exam Guide - Everything you need to know! (31 pages long)


Department
History
Course Code
HIS101H5
Professor
Nash
Study Guide
Final

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UTM
HIS101H5
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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HIS101 Chapter 1; First Farmers
Hadza
Northern Tanzania
Hunters and gathers
Disappeared culture
For many years humankind sustained life successfully by gathering wild foods and
scavenging. People labeled as Paleolithic because they used stone tools.
Paleolithic: old stone age
Hunters and Gatherers: food collectors instead of food producers.
Paleolithic Art: rock art of gathering and hunting peoples has been found in
Africa, Europe, Australia, and elsewhere. The image from the San of southern
Africa represents aspects of their outer life in the form of wild animals and hunters
with bows as well as the inner life of their shamans during a trance, reflected in the
elongated figures with both human, and animal figures.
Around 12000 years ago Eurasia, Africa and America practiced the
deliberate cultivation of plants and domestication of animals
Agricultural/Neolithic (New Stone Age) Revolution: technological
breakthrough, began to domesticate animals and cultivate plants deliberately.
Out of Africa; First Migrations
150 000 years of human experience.
200 000-250 000 Homo Sapiens emerged in eastern and southern Africa.
Africa not excavated very much, we know little
Humans inhabited forests and deserts.
Technological innovations: stone blades, and points fastened to shafts
replaced
Evidence of hunting and fishing, planned seasonal movements
Network of communication between people
Body ornaments, beads, pigments such as ochre, as well as planned burials
show social and symbolic behavior
Blombos Cave: found ochre, earliest evidence of human activity
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2
Between 100 000 to 60 000 years ago people began to trek out of Africa
Much of journey occurred during Ice Age (peak 20000 y ago)
Ice land masses Britain joined to Europe, eastern Siberia to Alaska, parts of
Indonesia were linked to Southeast Asia
Into Eurasia
Human migration out of Africa led first to middle east and from there toward
Europe 45 000 years ago
Cold Ice Age climates pushed people southward into warmer regions, there
they altered their hunting habits, focusing on reindeer and horses, and
developed new technologies such as spear throwers and bow and arrows,
stone tools etc.
Left record with cave paintings, bulls horses and other human beings,
colours of red, yellow, brown and black
Central Europe, Ukraine, and Russia new technologies: bone needles,
multilayered clothing, weaving, nets, storage pits, baskets, pottery
Dwellings were partially underground made of mammoths musks and bones
Hinted at permanent dwellings
German figurine depicting female form, exaggerated breasts, buttocks, hips,
and stomachs. Found across Eurosia, human communication?
Into Australia
Migration to Australia 60 000 came from Indonesia and used boats for the
first time to get there
People settled in most regions, but sparsely
Population of 300 000in 1788, when Europeans arrived
Over 10000’s of thousands of years developed 250 languages; collected
variety of bulbs, toobers, roots, seed, cereal grasses and became great
hunters of large and small animals
Had a hunting and gathering economy with simple technology
Outsiders arrived in the late 18th century in New Guinea, who had
agriculture but Aboriginals still practiced ancient way of life
Dreamtime
development of a elaborate and complex look on the outside world
expressed in stories, extended ceremonies, and evocative rock art
recounted the beginning of things, recalled events of past
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