HIS284H5 Study Guide - Final Guide: Oracle Bone, Taoism, Washington Naval Treaty

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7 Jan 2011

Document Summary

Traced back to shang dynasty ( 1700s-1100s), graphs and letters inscribed on bones, an ancient way to document and predict the future, gave sense of the certainty to the rulers. The use of oracle bones raised the needs for knowledge people to interpret and read what meant on the bones and advised the rulers. This needs for knowledge people was the first emergence of social system that divided the labor divisions, and the emergence of social cast and hierarchy. Infantry battle- introduced in 6th century, it introduced a new form of warfare. The representative of confucianism is kongzi, called confucius by many and mengzi. The most famous book the analects was the collection of kongzi"s teachings and dialogs. Kongzi believed that people should learn the past sages and gain from them. He thought that he transmitted but not invented the wisdoms from the sages, and actively help the rulers to practice goodness, righteousness to build a united benevolent society.

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