Sept. 14, 2017
- How are words formed in a language? Main morphology point
Competence VS. Performance:
- Linguistic competence the knowledge the user has known a certain amount of words and
create an infinite number of sentences.
- Subconscious knowledge, (grammatical), acquired without explicit teaching
- Performance is behavior; use it in everyday speech
Why do languages differ?
- Various needs of different groups change the need for languages
- Contact with people speaking other languages
Why languages are so similar?
- Not talking about the words, but the depth of language
- How do you make WH words in language?
- Two ways: either take the WH word and put it at the beginning of the sentence or just
leave it where it should be
- Chomsky-ion view: possibilities are limited because of biological language
- The choices of differentially are difficulty
- Corresponding to CHAP 4 of the text
- Practice questions for the next tutorial chapter 4 exercises 1-3
- Is the study of the structure of words and how they are formed?
- Morphology as a science, a part of your knowledge of language
- What does it mean to know a word?
- You understand the semantics (the meaning) and the phonetics (the sound)
- You must have syntax information
- Pragmatic information, world knowledge information
What is Lexicon?
- Mental dictionary
- The above info is stored in the brains dictionary
What are lexical categories or parts of speech?
- Nouns, verbs, adjectives,
- Nouns: refers to persons, places, and things; adjectives refer to qualities of nouns; verbs
- Related forms: what kind of forms are they related too
- E.g. nouns take plurals –s; adjectives take imperative/superlative –er/-est; verbs take the
- Ed, progressive –ing, etc.
- Distribution: what kinds of other words does it show up in
- E.g. nouns appear with a/an/the; adjectives with very; verbs with can/will/…