Study Guides (380,000)
CA (150,000)
UTM (5,000)
Study Guide

LIN102H5- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 29 pages long!)


Department
Linguistics
Course Code
LIN102H5
Professor
Arsalan Kahnemuyipour
Study Guide
Final

This preview shows pages 1-3. to view the full 29 pages of the document.
UTM
LIN102H5
Final EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

LIN102H5F (Sept. 7, 2017)
Corresponding to: Chapter 1 of the textbook
- Slide One & Two:
- Misconceptions about linguistic and language?
Do not speak many languages
Interested in describing what people say, not to correct grammatically
Learn ‘the right way’ to use language
No language or dialect is superior
Language and dialect is as good as any other
Each language is rule governed
Q: what do we mean by rule-governed? Who determines the rules?
A: if a language does not have a written grammar are there incorrect usage
of grammar present? Every language has a set of rules, why? No right or
wrong, all language has its own interpretation
- Q: what is linguistic?
- A: Scientific study of language
- Q: what is language?
- A: language is the system of sounds, words and sentence patterns used by humans
to communicate thoughts and feelings
- Two aspects: form (what is it made up of?) and function
- Slide 5:
- Speaking vs Writing
Linguistic tend to work on spoken language because:
Everyone learns spoken language but there are illiterate people;
Language as in human language acquired by a child**
It does not require explicit teaching as opposed to writing
Does writing need explicit teaching? Yes.
Writing is not the language speaking is.
- What do we know when we “know” a language?
Knowledge of the rules of word formationmorphology
Knowledge of the rules of sentencesyntax
Knowledge of the system of meaningsemantics
Knowledge of the sounds and patterns of speech sounds- Phonetics/
Phonology
- Competence vs performance
Q: approximately how many
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Sept. 14, 2017
- CONT’
- How are words formed in a language? Main morphology point
Competence VS. Performance:
- Linguistic competence the knowledge the user has known a certain amount of words and
create an infinite number of sentences.
- Subconscious knowledge, (grammatical), acquired without explicit teaching
- Performance is behavior; use it in everyday speech
Why do languages differ?
- Various needs of different groups change the need for languages
- Contact with people speaking other languages
Why languages are so similar?
- Not talking about the words, but the depth of language
- How do you make WH words in language?
- Two ways: either take the WH word and put it at the beginning of the sentence or just
leave it where it should be
- Chomsky-ion view: possibilities are limited because of biological language
- The choices of differentially are difficulty
- Corresponding to CHAP 4 of the text
- Practice questions for the next tutorial chapter 4 exercises 1-3
Morphology:
- Is the study of the structure of words and how they are formed?
- Morphology as a science, a part of your knowledge of language
- What does it mean to know a word?
- You understand the semantics (the meaning) and the phonetics (the sound)
- You must have syntax information
- Pragmatic information, world knowledge information
What is Lexicon?
- Mental dictionary
- The above info is stored in the brains dictionary
What are lexical categories or parts of speech?
- Nouns, verbs, adjectives,
- Nouns: refers to persons, places, and things; adjectives refer to qualities of nouns; verbs
describe actions
- Related forms: what kind of forms are they related too
- E.g. nouns take plurals –s; adjectives take imperative/superlative –er/-est; verbs take the
past
- Ed, progressive –ing, etc.
- Distribution: what kinds of other words does it show up in
- E.g. nouns appear with a/an/the; adjectives with very; verbs with can/will/…
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version