POL208Y5 Study Guide - Summer 2018, Comprehensive Midterm Notes - International Law, Cold War, Anarchy

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Published on 12 Oct 2018
School
Course
POL208Y5
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
Fall 2018
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Wednesday, May 16, 2018
POL208
War!
-14,500 armed conflicts- the deadliest with millions of dead if you count direct and
collateral causalities: the total reaches 3,5000.000,000 dead !
-Since the congress of Vienna: between 224 and 559 interstate wars !
-WW2 the deadliest war in human history with 70 million dead!
-Since 1992 war frequency down by 50% battle deaths by 80%!
Basic Tenets !
1. Organized and deliberate violence by political authority !
2. Lethal from of conflict somewhat arbitrary threshold: 1000 battle deaths= war !
3. Capacity of adversaries to cause mutual harm (e.g. not one-sided, like a genocide)!
Definition: organized and deliberate political act by an established political authority
requiring mutually capable adversaries (especially sovereign states) who must cause
over 1,000 deaths/year !
Categories/Types of war !
-Inter-state (war between states)!
-Intra-state (civil war-often spilling across borders-triggered by grievances and
resource competition) !
-Limited (restricted in space and time to legitimate targets of war)!
-Total: large scale destruction and harm to non-combatants use of weapons of great
destruction, major powers involvement!
-Conventional: fought according to conventions/rules of war!
-Unconventional: guerrilla, asymmetric conflict-includes terrorism!
-Just War: (self- defence, internationally sanctioned as last resort, humanitarian
intervention)!
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Wednesday, May 16, 2018
War and technology!
-Antiquity: the past !
War and Modern Technology: !
1. Gunpowder!
-The earliest representation of a firearm and fire bombs !
-The Hundred Years War: first account of canon use !
-The ottoman Turks siege of Constantinople and the firsts of a canon in siege !
-The Swedish army was the first to use canons on a large scale: Thirty Years War !
-The Prussian-Austrian and France- Prussian wars- witnessed the eective
integrations of new technologies with tactics !
2. The Industrial Revolution: machine guns, combustion engines, planes, ships !
-variety of new weapons: submarines, tanks and airplanes !
-The 1940 German invasion of France: the integration of modern technology (panzer
tanks) !
-1944-45 Soviet push towards Berlin and the use of modern technology !
3. The age of atomic weapons, rockets and ICBMS (inter continental ballistic missile) !
-US, Russia, Germany have programs for atomic weapons !
-Began with Germany !
Nuclear weapons delivery systems; surface to surface, air to surface and submarine
launch missiles !
4. The age of smart bombs, satellite-guided missiles and drones !
-smart bombs and their navigating systems!
-Information and communication is progressing/improving !
-Research and development of conventional weapons continues !
5. The digital era and cyberwarfare!
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