Tuesday, January 10, 2012
- Fault Lines:
- Issues of language and cultural recognition in the Canadian English and French debate.
- The Canada and United States relationship : Canada increasingly became under influence from the
- There are differences between Catholics and Protestants but this doesn't really come into effect into
Monday, January 16, 2012
Last Week - Canadian political culture - what are the enduring fault lines and how have they played out?
Most of the class focused on social and economic setting of Canadian politics. Principles of equality.
- Lecture Structure - Ideology; Right vs Left; Classical Ideologies - Conservatism, Liberalism, Socialism;
Classical Conservatism - authority, tradition, hierarchy, community, cooperation; Classical Liberalism -
reason, freedom, equality, individual, competition; Classical Socialism - reason, freedom, equality,
- Ideology - Brooks says that it is ever present. You may have ideological beliefs without acknowledging
them. Usually this means that you subscribe to the dominant ideology which in Canada is Liberalism or
democratic capitalism. Ideology the term came from the French Revolution. It is a body of ideas that
reflects the social needs and aspirations of an individual group or culture. Ideology expresses the most
fundamental ideas about the nature of individuals, society, and the relationship between these two.
Political parties use ideologies to rationalize their policies and agendas.
- Left vs. Right - shorthand labels for conflicting political beliefs. Leftists prefer raising minimum wages,
rightists prefer to privatize government agencies and cutting taxes. Leftists are more open to running
deficits. However, don't confuse ideology with policy. Brooks said rightists have an individualist belief
system whereas leftists have a collectivist belief system. Right wingers think to minimize government
intrusion and the market should decide everything. Right wingers are more likely to see society as a
market place - buy, sell, trade ,compete. Extreme Rightists have both libertarians and social
conservatives but still have completely different views. Marxist analysis is material analysis as opposed
to social democrats who put the power in people. Right includes plutocrats - wealth makes them
powerful, conservatives, libertarians, capitalists, monarchists.
- A classical conservative looks to tradition and believes that we should act on the past. A liberal says
that we should develop on the past and that we should use reason. Liberals look to science, and
similarly socialists look to reason. Liberalism has materialists.
Monday, January 23, 2012
- Based on last weeks lecture - what are the characteristics of ideologies? Classical conservatism,
liberalism, and socialism. Contemporary ideologies are in our readings. Classical conservatism is really
the ideology of gross contemporary conservatives.
- Liberalism is not very social.
- Political Culture:
○ What is political culture?
○ Generic approaches to studying political culture: history, survey research, institutions and
○ Pathways to Canadian Political Culture: ideological fragmentation, formative events, economic
structures, survey research.
- Culture deals with a societies way of life. Political culture entered political science in the 1950s. A
person may have an ideology, but the culture is a shared group phenomenon. The minute you start
talking about culture you're dealing with the concrete works.
- You can also talk about sub culture. Culture is reflected in the kinds of things we do in our lives. Sub
culture - you have culture that pertains to different parts of Canada but in those parts you have different
cultures under certain larger types of cultures.
Monday, January 30, 2012
- Exam question based on last weeks class - what methods can be used to understand Canadian Political
Culture. The ways of studying political culture, some specific approaches or pathways. These different
ways suggest different things about Canadian Political Culture.
○ Modernization Thesis (page 104 Brooks): we will get more centralization because of the forces
of advanced modernity. Regionalism will break down. As modernization proceeds, regionalism will
decline. The idea is that as you modernize your transportation system it becomes national and you have
links from region to region. As you develop communication links the same things happen, as well as with
the economy we have national companies. National programs - old age plans, Medicare. With these
kinds of policies, feelings of national identity increase and feelings of regional identities decrease.
Marxists believe that as modernization proceeds, you would have political fault lines that would give
way to the differences in class. The roles of provincial government have considerable law making and
revenue making powers. There is nothing national about that. Provinces are constantly beat up on the
federal government to say you're discriminating against our region and this will bring out the sense of
○ Metropolis Hinterland Framework - metro regions tend to have high levels of investment and
capital concentration. Metro areas tend to have more high tech industries, more manufacturing, it is
where research and development are concentrated. This is where you have the headquarters of many
corporations. Most investment decisions for the country are made in the metro area, with higher
incomes, higher levels of education, more wealth, higher real estate values. The hinterland regions are
the passive regions. They are reliant on resource extraction and have far flung transportation networks.
They have lower levels of education and lower incomes. The outer Canadian regions are highly
dependant on resources. Ex - all the exports of Newfoundland, 96% of the money comes from exporting
natural resources. In Alberta its 80%.