POL336Y5- Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 87 pages long!)

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Published on 16 Feb 2018
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POL336Y5
Midterm EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Wednesday, September 6, 2017
POL336 Lecture 1: Basic Facts about Ontario
EXPECTATIONS / IMPORTANT DATES
Fall Test (November 29th): 25%
Fall Term Essay (December 4th): 20%
Winter Term Essay (March 7th): 30% <— penalty = 2 marks / day from essay mark out of
100
Winter Test (March 28th): 25%
NO FINAL EXAM (Tests: 1 hour each [pick 3/5 or 5/7 depending on semester])
ESSAYS (1 shot or nothing - no alternative options)
USE FINALIZED VERSION OF PPTS. FOR LECTURE (helpful for studying tests)
Population Growth: Ontario’s population as % of Canadian population [select years]
Ontario - largest Canadian province
Ontario’s Population as % of Canadian Population - [Selected Years]
NOTE: Ontario has maintained its share of Canadian population from the 1960s onward,
even though West Coast of Canada was booming
Most of Canadian history - Ontario taken for granted by federal govt. b/c they would listen to
both the province’s elites (economic and political), paying close attention to their problems
Select Census Year
Ontario Population as % of
Total Canadian
1851
39%
1901
40.6%
1931
33%
1951
32.8%
1971
35.7%
1991
37.2%
2011
38.6%
!1
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Wednesday, September 6, 2017
Ontario & Federal govt. - not always close relations as the power and dominance portrayed by
Ontario was resented by other provinces
Ontario’s Share of Seats in House of Commons - [selected years]
NOTE: seats in House of Commons increased after every decennial census due to population
growth and shifts
Ontario Government - Today
Recent Ontario governments compelled to re-assess province’s strategy in Canadian federation
<— since collapse of Tory dynasty in 1985 >< provincial political elite struggled to reposition
Ontario in Canada
Provincial political system is super competitive >< [1985 - present: all three major parties
have won elections (Conservatives, Liberals & NDP)] <— Voters won’t hesitate to oust
governments - opposition parties are able to win big majorities on election day, that nobody
saw coming
BACKGROUND TO ONTARIO POLITICAL TRADITION
Treaty of Versailles (1783) - formally ended War of Independence (British lost, therefore
Canada lost too)
Great Britain - recognized sovereignty of United States (inc. 13 former colonies) <== Result:
United States’ territory doubled, while existing province of Quebec reduced by 1/3 [Ontario:
not separate province]
Loyalists
US victory - UK lost 2.5 million subjects >< over 100 000 subjects remained loyal to Crown
(leaving 13 colonies forming US)
Selected Year*
Ontario % Share
of Total Seats
Quebec % Share
of Total Seats
1867
45%
35.9%
1902
42.9%
30.3%
1924
33.4%
26.5%
1947
32.5%
28.6%
1975
33.2%
27.9%
1999
34.2%
24.9%
2004
34.4%
24.3%
2015
35.7%
23%
!2
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