Exam questions and outlined answers

4 Pages
300 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Philosophy
Course
PHL105Y5
Professor
Diana Raffman
Semester
Summer

Description
W HAT IS CULTURAL RELATIVISM? DENTIFY AND EXPLAIN FOUR DIFFERENT CHALLENGES FOR CULTURAL RELATIVISM . Cultural relativism: no universal ethical code; depends on ones own culture -relativism: relative to ones own culture; cant judge others based on own standards Challenges -what if someone is part of more than one culture? -norms of each culture may contradict with each other -which cultures norms do you follow? -Cant say anything against what others do because you have to assume that it is acceptable in their culture -cant criticize others -example: polygamy in other cultures is acceptable but we cant say its wrong -the only way to determine if something is right or wrong can be determined by societys norms -therefore, we cant criticize ours or others actions as long as it follows social norms -contradicts with our previous beliefs -ex. Most people believe that certain crimes are wrong but it may be permissible in some culture -example: animal cruelty is a crime in our culture but people dont always care about animals in other cultures and torture them -psychological egoism : everyone primarily does things for their own sake W HAT IS PSYCHOLOGICAL EGOISM ? DRAWING FROM PLATO AND OR R ACHELS ,IDENTIFY AND EXPLAIN TWO ARGUMENTS OFFERED IN SUPPORT FOR PSYCHOLOGICAL EGOISM . THEN IDENTIFY AND EXPLAIN AN OBJECTION TO EACH ARGUMENT . -statement of fact; doesnt consider what we ought to do (morals) -example : giving up seat for older person on bus because it makes us feel like a better person, not for the sake of the older person Support -example: Lincoln and the Pigs -psychologist egoist would say that he saved the pigs so he wouldnt have to worry about them drowning for the rest of the day A. Selfish and unselfish people do what they want to do. B. We do things to have a pleasant state of conscious -counterargument: only good people would care to have a pleasant state of conscious not helping the pigs would only affect the conscious of a good person -selfish and unselfish people are troubled by different things Objection to each argument -only feel bad for pigs because he is concerned for their suffering; a selfish person wouldnt care www.notesolution.com
More Less

Related notes for PHL105Y5

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit