Buddhism Final Exam Q&A.docx

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Charles Repp

35 mark questionsaBuddhadasa Bhikkhumonkemphasized the importance of the monastics to go out and help with social problems in the country he taught that personal and social transformation go hand in hand Being mindful of the effects of capitalism on society and following the Buddhist way of wise and compassionate living can bring personal and social transformationbDT Suzukiauthors of books on Buddhismzen and shin Helped spread thesecMaha Ghosananda Samdech Preah Maha Ghosananda was a highly revered 1Cambodian Buddhist monk in the Theravada tradition who served as the Patriarch Sangharaja of Cambodian Buddhism during the Khmer Rouge period and postcommunist transition period of Cambodian history His Pali monastic name Maha Ghosananda means 21great joyful proclaimer He was well known in Cambodia for his annual peace marchesdThich Nhat Hanh is a Vietnamese Zen Buddhist monk teacher author poet and peace activist He lives in the Plum Village Monastery in the Dordogne region in the South of 1Francetravelling internationally to give retreats and talks He coined the term Engaged 2Buddhism in his book Vietnam Lotus in a Sea of Fire A longterm exile he was given 3permission to make his first return trip to Vietnam in 2005Nht Hnh has published more than 100 books including more than 40 in English Nhat Hanh is active in the peace 4movement promoting nonviolent solutions to conflict and he is also refraining from animal 56product consumption as means of nonviolence towards nonhuman animalsthaBR Ambedkar starts interest in conversion to Buddhism 14 child of the untouchable family Even though he was born in an outcast group he was able to get education Sees Buddhism as an escapism from outcast group Doesnt see Buddhism in having to do with gods and afterlives what he sees is the important of Buddhism in relation of man to man in his life on earth The only purpose of Dharma is to remove a mans suffering Thus he believes in Buddhism as a way of escaping sorrow In embracing certain parts of Buddhism he also rejects others He rejects the concept of karma because of karma in your previous lives you are born in a certain caste system and he wants to eliminate the caste system bias Believed the Buddhism could stop oppression in the outcasts Wrote an essay comparing Buddhism and Karl Marx Says both are social innovators Some hindus are converting to Buddhism as a way of breaking free from caste systemeCaroline AF Rhys Davids CAF Rhys Davids became strongly influenced by Spiritualism and possibly by Theosophy Of the two it was probably spiritualism and her own education in psychology under George Croom Robertson at University College London which most influenced her later reinterpretation of Buddhism Transalated lot of Buddhism books fHelena Petrovna Blavatsky and Henry Steel Olcottlong with Olcott and Anagarika Dharmapala Blavatsky was instrumental in the Western transmission and revival 9of Theravada BuddhismThe Theosophical Society had a major influence on Buddhist 8modernism and Hindu reform movements and the spread of those modernised versions in 8the westgSulak Sivaraksapupil of buddhasa bhikku He is not a monk but a lay person Thai lay Buddhist intellectual He believes that under the guidance of buddhadasa he can try to reform Thailand Promotes social engaged Buddhism involved in social issues This contrasts the Theravada tradition because it focuses on personal enlightenment Was arrested several times for criticizing the government and released after 4 months in prison Purposes a modern day interpretation of the principles of Buddhism for example
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