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PHL105Y5 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Soundness, Qualia, Slippery Slope


Department
Philosophy
Course Code
PHL105Y5
Professor
Diana Raffman
Study Guide
Midterm

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Philosophy Notes
Argument
oA series of assertions meant to demonstrate that a certain claim is true
oStatements doing the supporting
oTo be convincing
oBetter understanding
oUsing reasonable premises to draw a conclusion
oPremiseEvidenceConclusion
Premise:
oMethod of establishing a rationale for your conclusion
oExpected to be generally acceptable to an audience
oSince: Part of a premise
oPremise is most effective when the listener is convinced that it is true
Conclusion
oThe result of linking together each premise in an argument to lead to a
specific claim
oTherefore
Validity
oNothing to do with the truth of the argument
oIf the premises are true, the conclusion must be true that is when an
argument is valid.
Soundness
oArgument must be valid
oPremises of the argument must be true
oIF the argument is sound then the conclusion is true
o
Fallacy:
oFaulty argument
oCircular reasoning
Starting ones argument with the conclusion to the argument
oFallacy can be hidden for example:
Everyone wants this toy because it’s the coolest new toy this
season.
The reasoning is circular and is not a good argument
oBegging the question: avoiding the issue or assuming the answer
A person begging to get to the conclusion without giving any real
evidence
oSlippery slope
If one thing happens it will lead to other steps and ultimately a final
outcome
If the first thing happens, the last thing is inevitable.
Think of man sliding down a slope, he can’t stop. So from start to
end its inevitable.
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