POL111- Ch 9.docx

7 Pages
Unlock Document

Political Science
Fiona Miller

POL111- Jan 21st 2014 Chapter 9 & - Interest Groups Ch 9 – Interest Groups • Interest Groups aka “Pressure Groups” o Are non-governmental organizations which seek to influence public policy  Ex/ employers’ organizations, consumer groups, professional bodies o Functions  Crucial channel of communication btw society and government such as in liberal democracies  Pursue specialized concerns, seeking to influence without becoming the government  Not election-fighting  adapt low-key approach in dealing with whatever power structure confronts them. o Characteristics  Their staff continually are negotiating with bureaucrats over the details of proposed regulations  Pressing their case in legislative committee hearings  Seeking to influence media coverage  Traditionally • Covered bodies specially created for lobbying purposes • Excludes – businesses, churches and sub-national or overseas governments • Rather predictable  Currently • Lobbying is done by organizations whose primary focus is elsewhere • Can be limiting but influence can be universal o Relationship btw interest groups and state  As an essential component of a free society, separate from the state  As partners with the state securing a well-regulated society  As organization operating under the leadership of the state defines general will o Emergence  series of waves • Social change • Expansion of state activity • Interest groups activity is a response to the growth of public regulation • Activity of group = when and where state is more active Classifying Interest Groups • Unitary groups (members are individuals) o Protective groups – ‘sectional’ or ‘functional groups’ • Seek selective benefits for their members and insiders status with relevant government departments  Represent clear occupational interests, protective associations are often the most influential of all groups  Well established = well connected =well resourced • Role/ Characteristics • The protective bodies give priority to influencing government and can invoke sanctions to help them achieve their goals o Ex/ workers can go on strike, business organizations can withdraw their cooperation with government • Can be based on local interests o Geographical groups emerge when shared interests of people living in the same location are threatened by plans or government policies Comes and Goes o Geographical bodies = Nimby ( Not In My Back Yard)  A collective Nimby group can generate Banana outcome  Banana (Build Absolutely Nothing Anywhere Near Anyone) • Scrutinizing the government activityProtective groups mostly deal with o Promotional group • Advocate ideas, identities, policies and values  Aka = advocacy, attitude, campaign and cause group • Focus  Members interested in the issue concerned without, in most cases, possessing a material stake in how it is resolved o Issues abortion, the environment or global development  Targets media and public opinion  Seek to influence broad policy matters • Membership  Members of political parties  Credit card affiliates o Ensure financial contribution  donors commitment o Delegates pursuit of the cause to the group’s leaders Protective groups Promotional groups Aims A group of: defends an interest A group for: promotes a cause Membership Closed: Membership is restricted Open : Anyone can join Status Insider: Frequently consulted by Outsider: Consulted less government and actively seeks this often by government  role Targets public opinion and the media Benefits Selective: only group members Collective: Benefits go to benefit both members and non- members Focus Group aims to influence national Groups seeks to influence
More Less

Related notes for POL111H5

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.