POL113 Exam Notes
Chapter 1: The Origins of Political Ideologies
1. Describe the allegory of Plato’s cave
2. Describe the differences between the classical and modern political theory
3. Define what an ideology is.
4. What are an ideologies three main functions?
Chapter 2: Liberalism and Conservatism
1. Define individual liberty: The state of being free; enjoying various social, political, or
economic rights and privileges The concept of liberty forms the core of all democratic
2. Define republic: a state in which the supreme power rests in the body of citizens
entitled to vote and is exercised by representatives chosen directly or indirectly by them.
3. Define liberal democratic: concept of society is that everyone can enjoy full rights of