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PSY100Y5 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Major Depressive Episode, Panic Disorder, Anorexia Nervosa

Course Code
Dax Urbszat
Study Guide

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Test #5
PSY100 – Test 5
L0101 MW 11-12
1. Explain three positive factors that support having diagnostic categories or
giving patients a diagnosis. [3 marks]
1) it facilitates communication among practitioners and researchers (standardization)
2) it is the key to further knowledge in terms of treatment and prevention
3) it allows for psychoeducation leading to more personal knowledge for sufferers of
mental disorders as well as reducing feelings of isolation and uncontrollability
2. What is a panic attack? When is it adaptive and when is it maladaptive?
[4 marks]
- A panic attack is a discrete period of intense fear or discomfort in which at least 4 panic
symptoms (heart racing, sweating, shaking, choking, nausea, dizziness, etc…) develop
abruptly and reach a peak within 10 minutes. Panic reactions are adaptive when there is
some present danger in the environment that you must confront, however they are
maladaptive when they occur in absence of some threatening stimuli, i.e., they occur out
of the blue, or are unexpected or uncued.
3. Give examples of some common phobias and provide an explanation for why
they are so much more prevalent than other phobias. [3 marks]
- common phobias include fear of snakes, spiders, dogs, heights, water, blood
These phobias are likely more common due to Biological Preparedness or a genetic
predisposition to fear certain stimuli over others. Most of the common phobias involve
things that were traditionally very deadly to our ancestors and thus it was evolutionarily
adaptive to have a strong fear response for these ancient dangers.
4. What is the difference between Bipolar I and Bipolar II disorders? [2 marks]
- Bipolar I is one or more Manic or Mixed episodes, usually accompanied by Depressive
episodes, whereas, Bipolar II is Depressive episodes accompanied by hypomania
5. What is Somatization Disorder? [2 marks]
- a history of many physical complaints that result in treatment being sought that cannot
be explained by a medical condition and are not intentionally produced
6. What are the two types of Eating Disorders recognized by the DSM-IV?
[2 marks]
- Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa
7. What are the four classification categories of Schizophrenia? [2 marks]
- Paranoid, Catatonic, Disorganized, and Undifferentiated
8. List three types of Insight-Oriented therapy. [3 marks]

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- Psychoanalytic, Humanistic, Gestalt, Emotion Focused, or Process Experiential [any
9. What are the three main categories of psychopharmacological drugs?
[3 marks]
- Anti-Depressant, Anti-Anxiety, and Anti-Psychotic
10. List six advantages of group therapy. [3 marks]
[any six for 1/2 mark each]
1) Efficiency 2) Universality
3) Empathy 4) Interaction
5) Acceptance 6) Altruism
7) Modeling 8) Pressure
9) Practice 10) Reality Testing
11) Transference
11. Describe three warning signs that signal a risk for suicide. [3 marks]
[any three, one mark each]
1. 1) withdrawal from family and friends (social isolation)
2. 2) changes in eating and sleeping patterns
3. 3) writing or talking a lot about death
4. 4) telling statements like “the world would be better off without me”, or
“I would be better off dead”, or “no one would miss me if I were dead”
5. 5) periods of agitation followed by calm resignation
6. 6) giving away valued possessions
7. 7) taking care of unfinished business like debts and favours owed
L0301 MW 3-4
1. List the areas covered by each of the 5 axes of the Diagnostic and Statistical
Manual - fourth edition (DSM-IV) [5 marks]
Axis I all mental disorders (except)
Axis II personality disorders and mental retardation
Axis III physical/medical disorders
Axis IV psychosocial and environmental problems
Axis V Global Assessment of Functioning Scale (1-100)
2. How does Panic Disorder contribute to the development of Agoraphobia?
[3 marks]
- recurrent panic attacks cause distress associated with high risk places like malls,
restaurants, theatres, and other public places. As the fear of having a panic attack
increases a person may become more and more anxious about going out to public places
till eventually the person does not want to go out at all for fear of having a panic attack in
a place or situation where escape is difficult or embarrassing.

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3. What is Social Phobia and what fear is thought to be at the root of the
disorder? [3 marks]
- social phobia is a marked and persistent fear of social or performance situations,
particularly situations that involve exposure to unfamiliar people or to possible evaluation
by others.
- the underlying fear is thought to be a fear that one will do something stupid or
humiliating and that others will negatively evaluate the person leading to rejection,
loneliness and unhappiness.
4. 4. What are the four types of Mood Episodes found in Mood Disorders?
[2 marks]
- Major Depressive Episode, Manic Episode, Hypomanic Episode, Mixed Episode
5. What is Hypochondriasis? [2 marks]
-- a preoccupation with the belief that one has a serious disease despite medical
evaluation and assurance to the contrary, and the person is not delusional
6. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual – IV, what are the two
types of Anorexia Nervosa? [2 marks]
- Restricting Type and Binge-Purging Type
7. Regarding the mental disorder Schizophrenia, what type of symptoms are
delusions and hallucinations? [1 mark]
- positive symptoms
8. List three techniques in Rogers’ Client-Centered Therapy that are necessary
for a good therapeutic climate. [3 marks]
- Genuineness, Unconditional Positive Regard, and Empathy
9. List three types of anti-depressant medication. [3 marks]
-- Tricyclic anti-depressants
-- Monoamine Oxidase (MAO) inhibitors
-- Selective Serotonin Reuptake inhibitors
10. Describe three factors that are common to all types of psychotherapy.
[3 marks]
[any three, one mark each]
-- development of a strong therapeutic alliance or relationship between
therapist and patient/client
-- providing a rationale for why the client is suffering and why these
techniques help alleviate suffering
-- provide an opportunity for catharsis or venting or expressing emotions in
a safe environment
-- acquisition and practice of new behaviors and ways to respond to the
-- beneficial therapist qualities (objective, confident, professional)
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