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PSY100Y5 Quiz: Psy100 Test 6 Lab Questions

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Dax Urbszat
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Psy100 Test 6 Lab Questions
Describe the component skills involved in reading comprehension.
Reading comprehension requires a complex interaction of cognitive skills. Reading
effectively involves multiple processes. Language skills are important for reading
comprehension. These include the skill of recognizing words, the semantic
understanding of their meaning and their syntax which requires understanding how
words can be correctly combined to1 form a sentence. Problem solving skills
require making inferences and learning from the text. Both a good short-term and
long-term memory also serve as the foundation upon which to lay the building
blocks of solid reading comprehension. With those basic skills already in place, the
efficient reader distinguishes him/herself by the application of more precise and
interactive skills. This provides the referential framework that facilitates
understanding. There are other cognitive resources necessary for reading and
comprehension identified as necessary for reading and understanding. Attention or
the skill of selecting of important information is necessary for reading.
Consciousness (reader’s awareness of understanding). Next, one must integrate
this knowledge with the novel information being processed Decision making.
Third, one uses the network connections in this cognitive framework and the
information in the text to make inferences about meaning. Finally, one must recall
the newly-processed information from memory to solidify the learning and
encoding process.
How do we validate measures of self-esteem?
Measures of self esteem that were used in Module 10 were in the form of self-
evaluation questionnaires. The most empirical method of validating these self-
evaluation questionnaires requires for a reasonable sample size (of about 100 for
example) to participate in the questionnaire. Then, the subjects are taken to a
psychiatrist for evaluation. Their opinion is considered the gold standard. If the
scores by the psychiatrist are positively correlated
The cheaper approach of scientifically validating self-evaluation questionnaires as
a measure of self-esteem was to compare scores of the new questionnaires with
already scientifically validated questionnaires. The two questionnaires that had
not been previously validated were the Hartman Colour Code and Mckay Fanning
and the two that had already been scientifically validated by the method
previously mentioned were the Rosenberg Scale and the Coopersmith inventory. If
the scores of the Hartman Colour Code and McKay Fanning questionnaires were
positively correlated with the validated ones, then we can make the inference
that the measure of self esteem of the unvalidated questionnaires is valid.
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