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PSY100Y5 Study Guide - Fall 2018, Comprehensive Term Test Notes - Dax, Memory, Glutamic AcidPremium


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY100Y5
Professor
Dax Urbszat
Study Guide
Midterm

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University of Toronto Mississauga
PSY100Y5
Introductory Psychology
Term Test
Fall 2018
Prof. Dax Urbszat

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September 10, 2018
PSY100Y5
PROFESSOR DAX URBSZAT
LECTURE 1-INTRODUCTION
What is psychology?
Psychology is study of human mind
It is practical
It is way of thinking
Study of subject
‘esearhers PEPLER AND CRAIG’ did a study on bullying using naturalistic method
In this study they recorded videos of students on schooldays at school grounds
A total of 34 teachers nominated as aggressive and 31 teachers nominated as
socially competent were part of the study
Children who were either a victim or a bully were also part of this study
The tapes were viewed by experts who judged them on basics of 4 categories:
Nature of bullying
Characteristics of bullies and victims
How social active the participants were
Social ecology i.e location of the episode
‘ESULT: ullig doest take plae i isolated plaes ad a ties peers are
involved
Psychology has emerged from philosophy and physiology
Professor Wundt focus as osiousess i.e aareess of oes surroudig
G. Stanley Hall established APA -American psychological association
The study of psychology started with two major thoughts- structuralism and functionalism
Structuralism - it was based on the idea that purpose of psychology was analysing
conscious thoughts into basic elements and finding out how these elements related with
one another
eg. Sensation and perception
natural selection -also known as theory of evolution given by Charles Darwin, is a theory
that tells about the characteristics which are inherited and adapted for survival and
reproduction
Watson gave the concept of behaviourism which is based on the theory that psychology
should only study behaviour of humans
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According to Watson subject matter should be scientific claims that can be verified
Ivan Pavlov discovered conditioned reflex which basically means how people respond i.e
their behaviour to a given situation i.e stimuli
Sigmund Freud focused on unconscious mind which are thoughts , behaviour and memory
separate from our conscious behaviour but which ahs an influence over us
He argued that unconscious thoughts reveal the true feelings of a person
Skinner developed the theory of radical behaviour
His theory concluded that if the outcome is positive then people would use the same
response in that particular situation
Carl rogers and Abraham Maslow believed that people are their own masters and each
persos respose is ased etirel upo eah idiiduals sese of self .
Clinical and applied psychology are branches of psychology
applied psychology studies problems that occur in everyday life
clinical psychology diagnosis and treats psychological problems
psychology as a field of study :
it is empirical
it is based on observation
psychologist draw conclusions based on direct observation and running test
researhers dot rel o oo eliefs rather the fous o reasoig
A theory is developed to explain those observations
Eaple: Sigud Feuds osered the slip of togues ,dreas ad
psychological disturbances
The outcome which is an individuals response is determined by many factors
Example: teenage pregnancies are increasing because of all the sex in the
media
Behaviour is also influenced by culture
This includes the common beliefs, customs and values shared by people of
same community in the society
Example: the society has defined some roles for every member in the family
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