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Midterm

PSY100Y5 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Headache, Waking Hours, Absolute Threshold


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY100Y5
Professor
Dax Urbszat
Study Guide
Midterm

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Introduction to Psychology
TEST 2 Practice
This practice test consists of 30 multiple choice questions, worth 1 mark each and 10 short
answers worth various marks each. The answer key to both the multiple choice and short answer
is at the end of each section.
PART A: Multiple Choice (1 mark each):
1) An EEG would indicate primarily __________ activity in a person who is meditating with eyes
closed.
A. alpha
B. beta
C. delta
D. theta
2) Kara has just fallen asleep and immediately slips into REM. Kara has probably experienced or
undergone
A. sleep deprivation
B. alcohol overdose
C. NREM rebound
D. biofeedback training
3) The overall effect of a drug on an individual is influenced by which of the following?
A. the individual's motivation and expectations
B. the personality of the individual taking the drug
C. the dose and potency of the drug
D. all of these factors
4) A woman reported feeling "weak in the knees" whenever she smelled cigarette smoke and Beemans
gum, because of the association of these smells with her first love. In this example, her "weak
knees" would be
A. an unconditioned response
B. a conditioned stimulus
C. an unconditioned stimulus
D. a conditioned response
5) The reappearance of a conditioned response after extinction and a period of rest is called
A. disinhibition
B. reconditioning
C. stimulus generalization
D. spontaneous recovery
6) Among the physiological changes that occur when you are dreaming is (are)
A. transition to alpha waves
B. rapid eye movements
C. increased voluntary muscle activity
D. all of these

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7) You are watching a cumulative recorder that is connected to a small disk in a chamber. The pigeon
has been trained to peck the disk when a red light is turned on, and not to peck the disk when
a green light is turned on. Based on this information you should observe that when the green
light is turned on,
A. the slope of the line on the cumulative recorder will be steeper than when the red light is
turned on
B. the pen on the cumulative recorder will start to move downward
C. the slope of the line on the cumulative recorder will be shallower than when the red light
is turned on
D. the roll of paper in the cumulative recorder will stop moving
8) Severing the ascending reticular activating system in cats caused them to
A. become very aggressive
B. become very fearful
C. remain in continuous wakefulness
D. "remain in continuous sleep
9) Juan and Karletta were walking one night when they heard a car backfire. Juan was convinced the
sound came from directly in front of them, and Karletta was convinced the sound came from
directly behind them. One reason they might have difficulty localizing the sound is
A. the sound waves would have arrived at both ears at the same instant
B. we are able to judge distance better than direction for sounds
C. sound localization is more difficult in the dark
D. only speech sounds can be accurately localized
10) Breland's trained raccoons would deposit single tokens into a slot but would not deposit two tokens,
which they rubbed together. This is due to
A. instinctive drift to food-washing behavior
B. poor conditioning of token placing
C. insufficient reinforcement of token placing
D. lack of interest in the single tokens
11) Timothy was painting a picture of a jet on a runway; however in his painting the sides of the
runway are parallel to each other. Timothy's picture will seem to lack depth because he has
failed to make use of the monocular depth cue of
A. convergence
B. motion parallax
C. linear perspective
D. height in plane
12) Assuming the reinforcer is the sound of the rattle, a baby's response of shaking a rattle is reinforced
according to which type of schedule?
A. continuous reinforcement
B. fixed-interval
C. variable-interval
D. variable-ratio
13) Which of the following statements regarding dreams is not accurate?

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A. Dream recall is best when people are awakened during or very soon after a dream.
B. Dreams flash through consciousness instantaneously.
C. We dream whether we remember our dreams or not.
D. Trying to remember dreams can aid dream recall.
14) The use of dreams to satisfy ungratified needs is referred to as
A. id idealization
B. self-centeredness
C. wish fulfillment
D. sublimation
15) A conscious attempt to focus one's attention in a nonanalytical manner is called
A. meditation
B. dissociation
C. Zen Buddhism
D. hypnosis
16) Which of the following can cause disruption of your vestibular system?
A. riding on an amusement park thrill ride that spins you around
B. having an upset stomach
C. having a cold that temporarily robs you of your sense of taste
D. "temporarily losing sensation in your arm because you slept on it
17) The sensory receptors for smell are referred to as
A. smell buds
B. gustatory bulbs
C. olfactory cilia
D. psiatic receptors
18) The lights around the movie marquee flashed on-and-off in succession. However, Jerome did not
perceive them as separate lights flashing, but instead saw a continuous band of light moving
around the edge of the marquee. Jerome's perception illustrates
A. the phi phenomenon
B. bottom-up processing
C. feature detection
D. preattentive processing
19) Sleep apnea is characterized by
A. a sudden, irresistible urge to sleep during normal waking hours
B. a reflexive gasping for air during sleep
C. an extremely low rate of REM
D. "night terrors"
20) There is the greatest amount of debate on the risks associated with which of the following drugs?
A. marijuana
B. alcohol
C. cocaine
D. heroin
21) Sensory adaptation can explain all of the following except
A. getting used to the smell of the perfume you are wearing
B. hearing your name spoken in a noisy room
C. feeling comfortable in a cold swimming pool after being in for a few minutes
D. getting used to the touch of your clothes on your skin
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