47 views3 pages
12 Dec 2010
School
Department
Course
Professor
Chapter 12: Understanding self and others
Origins of self recognition
-by 15 months, infants begin to show self-recognition in mirror task
-at 18-24months, children look more at photos of self than others and refer to self by name
or personal pronoun
-awareness of self extends to an understanding of ownership
-self concept comes from self-awareness
-preschoolers mention concrete characteristics such as physical characterisitics,
preferences, possessions, and competencies
-at 6-8 years, children begin to mention emotions, social groups, and comparisions to other
-adolescents mention attitudes, personality traits, religious/political beliefs, variation with
contest, and an orientation to the future.
-adolescents use hypothetical reasoning to experiment with different selves.
-Adolescence characterized by self-abosrption, imaginary audience, personal fable, and
illusion of invulnerability
-stages of identity: diffusion, forclosure, moratorium, and achievement
-stages of career development: crystallization, specification and implementation
-most teens dont experience conflict and turmoil
Self Esteem
-one common measure: self-perception profile for children
-measures overall self-esteem as well as self esteem in 5 specific areas:
-scholastic competence
-athletic competence
-social acceptable
www.notesolution.com
Unlock document

This preview shows page 1 of the document.
Unlock all 3 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Document Summary

By 15 months, infants begin to show self-recognition in mirror task. At 18-24months, children look more at photos of self than others and refer to self by name or personal pronoun. Awareness of self extends to an understanding of ownership. Preschoolers mention concrete characteristics such as physical characterisitics, preferences, possessions, and competencies. At 6-8 years, children begin to mention emotions, social groups, and comparisions to other. Adolescents mention attitudes, personality traits, religious/political beliefs, variation with contest, and an orientation to the future. Adolescents use hypothetical reasoning to experiment with different selves. Adolescence characterized by self-abosrption, imaginary audience, personal fable, and illusion of invulnerability. Stages of identity: diffusion, forclosure, moratorium, and achievement. Stages of career development: crystallization, specification and implementation. Measures overall self-esteem as well as self esteem in 5 specific areas: Drops during the elementary school years due to social comaprisions. Self-steem sometimes drops during the move to middle school. Pattern of change in self-esteem caries for different domains.

Get access

Grade+
$10 USD/m
Billed $120 USD annually
Grade+
Homework Help
Study Guides
Textbook Solutions
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
Booster Class
40 Verified Answers