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Ch. 12 Study guide

3 Pages
80 Views

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY210H5
Professor
Benayoun

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Chapter 12: Understanding self and others
Origins of self recognition
-by 15 months, infants begin to show self-recognition in mirror task
-at 18-24months, children look more at photos of self than others and refer to self by name
or personal pronoun
-awareness of self extends to an understanding of ownership
-self concept comes from self-awareness
-preschoolers mention concrete characteristics such as physical characterisitics,
preferences, possessions, and competencies
-at 6-8 years, children begin to mention emotions, social groups, and comparisions to other
-adolescents mention attitudes, personality traits, religious/political beliefs, variation with
contest, and an orientation to the future.
-adolescents use hypothetical reasoning to experiment with different selves.
-Adolescence characterized by self-abosrption, imaginary audience, personal fable, and
illusion of invulnerability
-stages of identity: diffusion, forclosure, moratorium, and achievement
-stages of career development: crystallization, specification and implementation
-most teens dont experience conflict and turmoil
Self Esteem
-one common measure: self-perception profile for children
-measures overall self-esteem as well as self esteem in 5 specific areas:
-scholastic competence
-athletic competence
-social acceptable
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Description
Chapter 12: Understanding self and others Origins of self recognition -by 15 months, infants begin to show self-recognition in mirror task -at 18-24months, children look more at photos of self than others and refer to self by name or personal pronoun -awareness of self extends to an understanding of ownership -self concept comes from self-awareness -preschoolers mention concrete characteristics such as physical characterisitics, preferences, possessions, and competencies -at 6-8 years, children begin to mention emotions, social groups, and comparisions to other -adolescents mention attitudes, personality traits, religiouspolitical beliefs, variation with contest, and an orientation to t
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