PSY210H5 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Tabula Rasa, Active Child, Socioeconomic Status

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Raising children (is it okay to take infant out in cold weather) Choosing social policies (how much trust should judges have on child"s say) Understanding human nature (does learning only start after a child is born or in the womb) Historical foundations of the study of child development. Plato: self-control and discipline most important goals of education, innate knowledge. Aristotle: discipline and needs of the individual child , knowledge comes from experience. Locke: tabula rasa, blank slate - development reflects nurture provided by parents and society. Rousseau: maximum freedom, no education until 12 to judge what is important. Earl of shaftesbury - law forbidding working girls and boys younger than 10. Freud"s psychoanalytic theory: biological drives, especially sexual, are a crucial influence on development. Watson"s behavior theory: children"s development is determined by environmental factors, especially the rewards and punishments that follow the children"s actions. Discontinuous - children of different ages seem qualitatively different (conservation of liquid)