PSY230H5 Study Guide - Comprehensive Final Exam Guide - Extraversion And Introversion, Neuroticism, Conscientiousness

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19 Nov 2018
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PSY230H5
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Relevance of lecture 1
Review course outline
Give broad overview of personality psychology
What is Personality Psychology?
Cognitive psychology: The science of basic cognitive
processes (e.g., memory, attention, and perception).
Basic ways that the human brain processes information
Neuropsychology: The science of the connection
between the brain and the mind
Brain processes
Social psychology: The science of social influences on
psychological processes (group processes,
social influence).
How we relate to other people, how we form relationships
Developmental psychology: The science of changes in
psychological processes over the life span.
How to experiences shape a persons development
How does personality psychology differ from other disciplines in psychology?
Personality psychology focuses mostly on individual differences that are
normal and healthy.
For example,
extraversion helps to build social relationships
introversion helps people to study and get bored less easily
Two Approaches to Understanding Personality
Idiographic versus Nomothetic Approach
The idiographic (person-centered) approach:
- focuses on one individual at a time,
Week 1: Basic Introductions/ Correlations &
Reliability
Tuesday, September 4, 2018
9:02 AM
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- focuses on one individual at a time,
- tries to understand an individual’s actions from the individual’s
characteristics.
The nomothetic (variable-centered) approach
- A focus on the relation between individual differences in one variable (e.g.,
shyness) and another variable (e.g., age of marriage).
Ideographic Approach
Examples
Biographies of famous people (e.g., Winston Churchill)
Self-exploration
“Why did I become a professor of psychology?”
“Why am I taking PSY230?”
Advantages
more complete understanding of a single individual
great for important people
Disadvantages
Subjective (e.g., influenced by biographer)
difficult to test scientifically
Insights do not generalize to other individuals.
Not good for everyday people like you and me.
Nomothetic Approach
Example
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