Study Guides (390,000)
CA (150,000)
UTM (5,000)
PSY (900)
Study Guide

[PSY240H5] - Midterm Exam Guide - Ultimate 36 pages long Study Guide!


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY240H5
Professor
Simone Walker
Study Guide
Midterm

This preview shows pages 1-3. to view the full 36 pages of the document.
UTM
PSY240H5
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

PSY240H5- ABNORMAL PS YCHOLOGY
LECTURE #1
Termin o lo gy
abnorma l psychology- study of me nta l disorde r
include s ps ychopa thology and ps ychopa thological dysfunction
ps ychopathology- study of me nta l illne s s
Ps yc h o lo g ic a l Dis ord e r
def: a ps ychologica l dysfunction within an individua l associa te d with distress or impa irme nt in
functioning
us ua lly displa ys a re s pons e that is not typica l or cultura lly expe cte d
ex: 16 ye a r old jodie was re fe rre d to an a nxie ty clinic due to e xce ssive e xpe rie nce s
fa inting in a da y (4-5 time s a day), jodie s a ys 2 yea rs prior, tea che r s howe d vide o of frog
dis s e ction, jodie felt naus e ous a nd que asy, s he sa ys since then it ha s gotten wors e , now if
she s e e s anything e ven minority grue s ome like blood s he would fe e l dizzy and naus e ous ,
and in re ce nt months she would pa s s out
ex: having a fe a r of da te s vs. having a fea r of going on a da te with some one your frie nds
think is da ngerous
not all impa ireme nt or dis tre ss is cons ide re d natura l
ex: crying a nd be ing upset after the los s of a loved one is cons ide re d norma l beha viour
in jodie s example she expe rie nce d distres s a nd impa irme nt tha t was unna tura l
So cio Cu ltu ra l Co n te xt
abnorma lity ca n only e xis t in refe re nce to the ir socia l or culture context/norms
it is ok to s a y tha t s ome one is a bnorma lly ta ll, be ca us e they are talle r tha n the avera ge
popula tion
abnorma lity ma y als o refe r to s ome thing that goes aga ins t social norms
ex: someone who is mumbling whe n s tudying
one culture might think this is normal be ca use he is “thinking out loud”
anothe r culture might think it is a bnormal be ca use a s pirit tha t took over the ir body a nd is
ma king the m ta lk out loud
Leve ls of Ana lys is
socie ty doe s not ofte n choos e to see a ps ychologica l disorde r as a me dica l condition
often times stigmatize d= dis honoured/disgra ce d
His tory
3 major his torica l mode ls
supe rna tura l mode l-
biologica l mode l
ps ychologica l mode l
Su pe rn a tu ral Mode l
externa l a ge nt (outs ide body) ca n influe nce thoughts , actions a nd fee lings
ex: spirits , souls, the moon
often conclude d tha t a person is large ly res pons ible for their own dis orde r
ex: punis hable de e ds in the pa s t
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Pa race ls us believed that me nta l illne s s e s were ca us e d by the moveme nts of the sta rs a nd the
moon
this ins pire d the te rm “lunatic”
Bio lo g ical Mod e l
Pytha gora s- empha s is on identifying the unde rlying s cie ntific principle s tha t account for
be ha viour
Hippocra tes - sugge sted that ps ychologica l disorde rs could be tre ated like any othe r dis e a s e
Ga le n- norma l bra in functioning re la te d to 4 bodies fluids
blood, bla ck bile, he llo bile , phlegm
good health= humours a re in bala nce
illne s s = humours are out of ba la nce
ex: if you a re e xpe rie ncing a wate ry dis e a s e like tuberculos is the n send the pe rs on to a
dry clima te a s the cure
middle age s - domina nce of supe rnatura l mode l
rena is s a nce era - study of the structure of the huma n body
ex: le onardo da vinci
1600s- tudy both s tructure AND FUNCTION
ex: Rene De s cartes
Ps ychological Mode l
Pla to: malada ptive be ha viour depends on the socia l a nd cultura l influe nce s in a pe rs ons life
18th ce ntury- moral thera py
pos itive and e ncourage d tre a tme nt of pa tie nts in environme nt whe re patient fe e ls
safe s t/mos t at ea s e
staff mode ls positive be ha viour
res traint a nd s e clusion e liminate d
nurturing of re la tions hips
firs t ins titution for me nta l ill in Engla nd in 1330
Ps yc h o d ynamic P e rs pective
be ha viours a nd e xpe rie nce s a re influe nce s by interna l proce s s e s outs ide of the cons cious
control
As s ig n e d Rea d in gs
Ch.1 & Ch. 2
Ch a p te r 1- pa g e s 1-45
4 Importa nt Compone nts in ps ychopa thology
los s of fre e dom (ex: feel s ca re d or fe a rful, inde pe ndent)
los s of hone s t pe rs onal conta ct (e x: conve rs a tions with othe rs , socia lizing)
los s of one s conne ction with one s s e lf a nd ability (e x: fe e l voice controlling you)
pe rs ona l dis tre s s
me nta l disorder ca n some time s lead to prema ture de a th
although a bnorma l dis orde rs like sickle ce ll a ne mia ca n ca use phys iologica l proble ms, it a ls o
acts a s a re s istance towards ma la ria
socia l anxie ty ma nifests its e lf jus t prior to the onse t of puberty- around 8 years of age
huma ns te nd to live le s s in a na ture conte xt a nd more in a cultural conte xt
pe ople who e xpe rie nce socia l anxie ty tend to stray awa y from othe rs who e xhibit domina nce
in a s ocial se tting (much like the hierarchy of prima te s and monke ys)
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version