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PSY240H5- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 89 pages long!)


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY240H5
Professor
Norman Farb
Study Guide
Final

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UTM
PSY240H5
Final EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Slide 44
Easiest thing to do with someone who is abnormal is to take them away from the public
Started to move mental health patients to another place, out of sight
Slide 45
Start to have pioneers starting to map together the human body
As it became a greater acceptance to open up corpses, we were able to get a better visual of the
human body
Descartes believed that the mind and body were connected
Pineal gland is an important connection between the brain and the body
Slide 46
We already have a sense of the anatomical structures
Slide 47
As we started to see that there are physical explanations for the mentally ill, and they are not just
being possessed by the devil made it questionable to put people on display
They used to charge admission for others to come see the mentally ill, but they eventually saw
that they should treat them better
We ought to actually make a difference in people, rather than just segregating them
Slide 48
We started to see that damage to a part of the brain could be why someone is acting the way they
are acting
We start making reliable connections
Slide 49
If everyone is completely just a blank slate, it is very hard to come up with a consensus
But if people react certain ways, then there is a better chance that we are going to be able to have
fairly universal ways that that could be common or could be absent
The issue is when you simplify, you lose a lot of detail
Slide 51
This idea that people become mad or act crazy isn't because there is something wrong with them,
ut eause there is soe type of pressure o the that does’t allo the to ope, if e a
address those causes, especially external causes then maybe it can help
Maybe we can look at environmental or social impacts on mental health as well
There are particular functions that require certain people to act normal or their normal
Initial treatment was to take person out of stressful environment
There are now different people who are categorizing different types of stressors and solutions for
the problems
This leads to the greater acceptance to have mental health hospitals
Slide 52
Mental hospitals were stigmatized because of how they treated their patients, they were placed in
hospitals to keep them under control
o Taking people out of their stressful environment and placing them in a new environment in
the hospital was stressful too
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Mental health hospitals then became a thing, but removing people from a stressful environment is
one thing and then putting them in a new environment can also be stressful
Slide 53
There were also problems as more people kept coming in, because no one was getting fixed and
e ould’t help ayoe, the oditios of the asylu ould deteriorate
Slide 54
The advent of therapeutic technologies became helpful
Slide 56
There are 3 themes by which we try to treat mental illness
There is a more humanistic way of doing it which is more behavioural and experiential
o Talk to people and find out what's going on or what's happening to them
o We really need to know what its like to be that person and the only way to do that is by
observing them directly and talking to them and report what is happening
Another theme to look at which is more subjective is the neuroscience perspective
o Structure and function of brain
o Focus on brain physiology
o Trying to understand brain function and wellness
More broadly, why do we have these tendencies to act a certain way as a species or at least a
certain culture (evolutionary perspective)
Slide 57
To try to really get a better understanding of what's happening in abnormal psychology, we want
to look at these levels of analysis
There is no one right level
Slide 58
The negotiation between these levels would be the biopsychosocial perspective
We need to be moving between these levels and try to understand how genetics for instance
becomes a problem when you are exposed to an environmental stressor
Slide 60
Treatments evolved
On the biological side, it involves shaking up the biology
Psychoactive drugs
o Changing levels of different neurotransmitters in the brain
Doing low grade convulsions in the brain
TMS or DBS are less invasive than ECT
Drugs
Slide 61
General theme, there must be a connection between our unconsciousness and consciousness
Slide 65
What do you believe about the world knowing that it might not be 100% true
Cognitive behavioural therapy
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