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PSY313H5 Study Guide - Insomnia, Nocturnal Enuresis, Scavenger

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Giampaolo Moraglia

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500-1100- death was accepted as a part of the human existence
- it was governed by laws
- death was considered as being natural and divine
- the teachings of the church provided guidance
TAMED DEATH- means that, death, or the discontinuation of life can mess people
up psychologically, thus if we establish a meaning for death, then we can tame these
emotions that otherwise arise
- the 3 periods on which death is categorized, are different in terms of what
emphasis they place on death
* 500-1100: death was recognized as a shared/collective destiny
- it was the common fcate of all people
- death was religiously ruled, it was believed that a final judgement would occur by
*1100- 1700: there was a greater awareness in terms of recognizing ones own death
with personal meaning
- this occured due to cultural and social changes
- people began to emphasize individual identity
*1700-1900: began recognizing other death
- emphasized a romanticized death, where the loss of a loved one was fully expressed
- they believed and hoped that there would be a reunion between the family and the
individual who died

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- expressing mourning became normal
- high quality of art developed (ex. Tombes, cemetary)
- the dying person was cared for in hospitals and by health care professionals
- they tried to restore life and delay death from happening
*1900- 1960s: attitudes quickly changed
- death became a taboo
- invisible death means that there is a lack of familiarity with the concept of death
- during this time, both the family and the dying person played the deception
game- in order to avoid thinking about death, they pretended like it wasnt going to
- hospitals and health care professionals treated death like an enemy
- funerals: short/discrete, grief was suppressed
- why did this way evolve?
- due to the development of the market economy: progression of science and
technology- moving away from the religious influence
- death became something that happened to losers- because society emphasized
- dead world= irrelevant
- thus, death was difficult from a physical and psychologically view: in the past, the
dying person had comfort from the community because the individuals died in a
hospital- thus, the absense of it makes a person feel alone, less important
*Present- death is no longer a taboos
- there is alienated or objectified death-

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- education regarding death is increasing
- the purpose is to become desensitized to death if one keeps talkign about it
through education
Death movement:
- people tried to break the taboo that existed against death
- individuals struggled to get information because hospitals avoided exposed
information because they viewed death as an enemy
death is more than just biological:
- person breaks down- not just physically
- along with the development of technology, there still needs to be compassion and
life is not just a matter of length, but also of quality and depth
- one needs to help to control chronic pain, to allow an individual to fully live life
until the last minute
death is dfficult, therefore whether one uses religion/philosophy, they need
education is needed for people in school, home, and for health professionals
- we need to change our attitudes about death
Prominent psychologists:
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