PSY341H5 Study Guide - Comprehensive Final Exam Guide - Psychopathology, Dsm-5, Conduct Disorder

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20 Nov 2018
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PSY341H5
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The dark side
Columbine high school massacre 1999
Colorado
2 seniors murdered many people in the school with bombs and then
committed suicide
One of the first/most serious
Core explanations:
People have been bullied/victimized and want revenge
Feeling out of control, no sense of purpose in life. Self efficacy = feeling
that you have control in your everyday life (?)
Early childhood experiences that may cause triggers (abuse, neglect,
parenting style
On resilience
Nadia Murad: ISIS survivor, Nobel peace prize nominee
Raped and tortured by ISIS, escaped and now is an advocate of women
without rights in her country
Explanations for her resilience:
Genetics
Fate/belief that she is right and others are wrong
Having someone with her to go through things
Cognitive biases: how we view things (in a positive or negative light)
Developing coping mechanisms (ex. Some kind of support to overcome
ruminating thoughts)
Introduction
Research studies in abnormal child psychology seek to
Define normal and abnormal behavior for children of different
ages/sexes/ethnic and cultural backgrounds
Identify the cases and correlates of abnormal behavior
Make predictions about long term outcomes
Develop and evaluate methods for treatment and/or prevention
Features that distinguish child and adolescent disorders
When adults seek services for children, it is not often clear who has what
Week 1: Intro
Tuesday, September 4, 2018
9:02 AM
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When adults seek services for children, it is not often clear who has what
'problem'
Many child and adolescent problems
Involve a failure to show expected developmental progress
§
Expect to see things at a particular time in development
§
But sometimes this doesn't happen
Are not entirely abnormal
Interventions are often intended to promote development
History and definitions
Historical views
Ancient Greek/Roman view
Those with disorders were abandoned / put to death
Before the 18th century
Children were subject to harsh treatment
By the end of the 18th century
Start of interest in abnormal child behavior
John Locke (17th century)
Believed children should be treated with thought and care (at the time this
was a unique thought, moving beyond harsh discipline and treatment was
difficult)
Jean-Marc Itard (19th century)
___ important for developing treatment methods
Leta Hollingworth
?
Benjamin Rush
Claimed children were incapable of adult like __
Moral insanity- absence of normal levels of feeling shame/guilt after
wrongdoing, something that's so far from conventions of normal society
Early biological attributes
Late 19th century: mental illnesses were viewed as biological problems for the
first time
Clifford Beers' efforts led to detection and intervention
Golden rule- treat others how you would like to be treated
Early biological attributes - eugenics and sterilization
Early 20th century: society reverted to a belief that disorders could not be
influenced by treatment or learning
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