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Psychology Lecture Notes Test 3.docx

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Dax Urbszat

Psychology Lecture Notes Test #3 Human Memory: Chapter 7 Levels of Processing 1) Shallow Processing- Structural encoding (capital letters/what color) 2) Intermediate Processing- Phonemic encoding (rhyming, homonyms) 3) Deep Processing- Semantic encoding (meaning/symbolism) Mnemonic Devices - Verbal Mnemonics (acrostics, acronyms, rhymes) - Visual Mnemonics (link method, method of loci, keyword) Encoding Specificity Principle The value of retrieval cue depends on how well it corresponds to the memory code Storage Sensory Registers -Iconic (visual) - Echoic (auditory Short-Term Memory - Info fades after 20-30 seconds - Limited capacity storage (7 items) - Involves rehearsal Long-Term Memory - representation of facts, images, actions and skills persist over a lifetime - involves retrieval of info - limitless in capacity Working Memory Temporary storage and processing of info used to - solve problems - respond to environmental demands - achieve goals *Consists of three modules 1) visual memory store 2) verbal memory store 3) central executive Difference between Working Memory and LTM - working memory is easily accessed but limited in capacity - LTM impairment: person shows normal working memory but cannot transfer info to LTM - Working memory deficit: person has a memory span of 2 digits but normal LTM Varieties of LTM Declarative Memory Semantic: generic knowledge of facts Episodic: memories of specific events Procedural Memory (for skills) Explicit Memory Conscious retrieval of information Implicit Memory Skills, conditioned learning and associative memory Seven Sins of Memory • Memories are transient (fade with time) • We do not remember what we do not pay attention to • Our memories can be temporarily blocked • We can misattribute the source of memory • We are suggestible in our memories • We can show memory distortion (bias) • We often fail to forget the things we would like not to recall (persistence of memory) Language & Thought: Chapter 8 Language System of symbols, sounds, meanings, and rules of combination that allows for communication among humans Nonverbal Communication • Nonverbal communication includes: • vocal intonation • body language (crossed arms) • gestures (o
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