Lab notes 1-5.docx

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Dax Urbszat

Psych Labs Lab test  Write examples and shit  How to calculate interference and shit  Half a page limit  Practice questions beforehand  Sample qs: o Why is there inference when naming the ink color, but not the naming the words? o Compare and contrast- top down (piece by piece detection) and bottom-up (context) processing? o How do you explain how Miller-Lyer illusion works? A:depth perceptual cues o How did we control for progressive error in the Miller-Lyer illusion? o What is the difference between sensation and perception? o Compare and contrast Jung and Freud theory of dreams o What is the scientific method? A: certain variable make people behave certain way.  A way of proving causation: change only one variable at a time  eg. how people behave due to alcohol. Alcohol experiment(effect of alcohol on balance): one day with alcohol and one day without alcohol- perform same task of walking on beam.  Measure the behaviour twice  Everything else has to be constant control variables except for alcohol has to be same Lab 1- Measurement and experimental design  IV: HOW YOU ARE MEASURING, something the experimenter changes in the experiment  DV: WHAT BEHAVIOUR- the measure of behaviour  CV : what is the units  Check for both conditions. A condition you can control  Measurements: using time (seconds/time) and distance (feet/meters)  Motion sensor  Independent variable- X: Comprehension (reading for interest and reading for understanding and summarize)  Dependent variable-Y: reading speed (words per minute) (behaviour)  Z: room temperature, no talking, same computer screen  As subjects go through the tests they get better  Control progressive error by counter-balancing: making an average.  Counterbalancing (making sure each condition benefits from practice equally) is used to control the practice effect  Random error is fixed by calculating averages. Lab 2- Illusions  Perceiving forms: o Reversible figure o Perceptual sets o Feature detection theory  Progressive error (counter-balancing, randomization)- practice effect, one condition benefits from practice of another  Random error- obtain a different result every time caused by uncontrollable variable Lab 3- Dream lab  Not an experiment: no statistics, IV, DV or CV Procedure Terminology  Projective Technique (Rorshach inkblot test): projecting our issues on to a random image  3 steps to analyze a dream: Jungian Dream Analysis 1. Macro analysis: emotion, plot line (dreams have plot and are not random images), overview ( how you feel in the dream can be applied to when you feel that feeling in real life) 2. Micro analysis: no correct answer since its subjective  Decode symbolism ( people, places, objects, and events) 3. Conclusion and potential: interpretation of dream and creating ideal ending which can lead to the solution of problem  Freud: 3 components of psych (id, ego, superego) o Repression: intentionally forgetting memory that causes anxiety o Defence mechanism: strategy to avoid anxiety (ego feels anxiety when the id and superego are in conflict (competing impulses) o Psychosomatic illness: an illness with no medical reason  Most illnesses are caused by psychological issues o Dreams disguise the true meaning (latent content( in a bizarre symbolic message (manifest content) Unconscious treats symbols differently than the conscious mind does Examples 1. A symbol has a single meaning in the conscious mind but to the unconscious mind it has meaning (metaphorical meaning)  In the unconscious mind a
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