Short Answer Test 1 full.doc

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSY100Y5
Professor
Dax Urbszat
Semester
Fall

Description
2007L0101 M 24 1 Describe what a Clinical Psychologist does and give an example of an experiment that might be conducted by a Clinical Psychologist 4 marksa clinical psychologist assesses diagnoses and treats mental disorders doing individual andor group therapy with patients they often work in hospitals or have andor have a private practiceeg a researcher is looking at the outcome of drug therapy vs psychotherapy vs combined on treatment of patients with depression2 What is Psychology 3 marks Psychology is the scientific study of behavior anything an animal or human does feels or thinks Psychology is a science firmly based in empirical research Psychology has broad application 3 Briefly describe the SQ3R reading method 3 marksSurvey Question Read Recite ReviewRead the table of contents to prime your brain with the main concepts of the readings then make a question out of the headings for each sectionRead the section then answer the question out loud review the section if you cant and then write your answer down4 Explain what makes a study an experimental study2 marks An experiment is a controlled study that uses random assignment to control for all variables except the independent variable being manipulated by the researcherRandom assignment allows for causal inferences to be made between the independent and dependant variables5What is the difference between a correlational study an observational study and a case study 4 marks A correlation measures the strength and direction of associations between two variables A correlational study suffers from the problems of directionality and third variable confounds which prevent researchers from making any causal inferencesA naturalistic observation study observes phenomena in their natural environment with as little interference as possible A case study is the examination and observation of only one subject None of these methods of research allow us to make causal inferences regarding relationships between variables6 List and briefly explain the four characteristics of good Psychological research 4 marksA theoretical framework that systematically organizes observations and generates hypothesesA standardized procedure that is the same for all subjects except manipulated variablesGeneralizability from the sample to the population and from the lab to the real worldObjective measurement with measures that are both reliable and valid7 Describe three limbic system functions and name the anatomical area associated with each function 3 marksSeptal area or septum I would accept is responsible for pleasure and pain reliefThe amygdala is associated with the learning and recognition of fearThe hippocampus is involved in memory consolidation and possible storage8 Name the four lobes of the cerebrum and the corresponding information processing cortex located in each lobe 4 marks1 Frontal lobemotor cortex 12 mark for the lobe andmark for the cortex2 Temporal lobeauditory cortex3 Occipital lobeprimary visual cortex4 Parietal lobe somatosensory cortex9 What functions appear to be dominant in the right hemisphere of most people 1 marknonlinguistic functions including recognition of faces places soundsI would also accept spatial location copying drawings color recognition or fear recognition10 What are organizational effects of hormonesPlease provide an example2 marks organization effects are permanent changes in the structure and function of the anatomy eg testosterone in the womb creates male genitalia L02011 Explain the main ideas behind the Psychoanalytic perspective of Psychology 3 marks The psychoanalytic perspective views humans as instinct driven creatures that have very little control and awareness of the processes that regulate human behaviour Freud was the founder of Psychoanalysis which is the first type of psychotherapy and he believed that we could cure mental disorders by discovering unconscious conflicts and traumas and processing our emotional reactions and behaviours regarding the incidents 2 Describe three things that a Social Psychologist might study 3 marksany three of the following group dynamics interpersonal behaviours prejudice attitudes conformity aggression attraction bystander apathy obedience religion cults etc3 What is the placebo effect 3 marks When someone shows improvement in their condition or symptoms simply because they believe that they are receiving some kind of treatment when in reality they are not getting any real treatment at all4 What is the difference between Clinical and Counseling Psychology 3 marks they are basically the same in that you are assessing and treating patients with certain issues in functioning however clinical involves actual diagnoses and treatment of validated mental disorders and usually the therapist will have a clinical psychology degree whereas counseling is usually for higher functioning individuals can be for many areas of daily functioning family divorce marriage victim and can be done by therapists with a Masters or Bachelors degree in psychology social work education or other 5 What are implementation intentions 1 mark explicitly stating your intentions to do something by writing down when where and how you will do this thing said to improve the likelihood that you will actually do the task6 According to the lecture what is generalizability 2 marksa sample that is representative of the population of interest so you can generalize the results of your sample to wider populations a procedure that is relevant to the outside world ecological and external validity so we can generalize the data obtained in the laboratory to the real world7What is the difference between a correlational study an observational study and a case study 5 marks A correlation measures the strength and direction of associations between two variablesA correlational study suffers from the problems of directionality and third variable confounds which prevent researchers from making any causal inferencesA naturalistic study observes phenomena in their natural environment with as little interference as possible A case study is the examination and observation of only one subjectNone of these methods of research allow us to make causal inferences regarding relationships between variables8 What functions seem to be controlled by the amygdala 3 marks learning of fear or threatening stimuli and recognition of fear and perhaps the amygdala is also involved in the feeling of other emotions9 What senses and which processes in the human mind and body are the parietal lobes most responsible for 3 marks the parietal lobes contain the somatosensory cortex receiving input from our sense of touch and are most responsible for functions like touch spatial orientation and nonverbal thinking10 List the four main components of most neurons 2marks12 mark each
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