chp 6 learning.docx

3 Pages
32 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
PSY100Y5
Professor
Dax Urbszat
Semester
Fall

Description
Chp. 6 Learning  Learning: any relatively durable change in behaviour or knowledge that is due to experience  Phobias: irrational fears of specific objects or situation and are often the result of another leaning process termed classical conditioning  Conditioning: involves learning connections between events that occur in an organism’s environment Classical conditioning  Defin: a type of learning in which a stimulus acquires the capacity to evoke a response that was originally evoked by another stimulus  Pavlovian conditioning  Pavlov was one of those who was responsible for turning psychology from research focusing on subjective accounts of experience, introspection, to a more objective, rigorous, scientific approach  His work showed how stimuli in the external world controlled our actions and behaviour  He de-emphasized the mind, and mentalistic accounts of behaviour, and shoed how learning was under the influence of experience and that “associations could be built up in consciousness  “psychic reflexes” = conditioned reflex  Subjects: dogs that were restrained in harnesses in an experimental chamber  Their saliva was collected by means of a surgically impanted tube in the salivary gland  Dogs accustomed to the procedure would start salivating before the meat powder was presented (e.g. the dog would salivate in response to a clicking sound made by the device that was used to present the meat powder)  What was so significant about a dog salivating when a tone was presented? • Tone (natural stimulus: did not originally produce the response of salivation, but through the process, the tone acquired the capacity to trigger the
More Less

Related notes for PSY100Y5

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit