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Dax Urbszat

2008PSY100Test 5 2008L0101 M 241Explain three positive factors that support having diagnostic categories or giving patients a diagnosis 3 marks 1 it facilitates communication among practitioners and researchers standardization2 it is the key to further knowledge in terms of treatment and prevention3 it allows for psychoeducation leading to more personal knowledge for sufferers of mental disorders as well as reducing feelings of isolation and uncontrollability2What is a panic attack When is it adaptive and when is it maladaptive 4 marksA panic attack is a discrete period of intense fear or discomfort in which at least 4 panic symptoms heart racing sweating shaking choking nausea dizziness etc develop abruptly and reach a peak within 10 minutes Panic reactions are adaptive when there is some present danger in the environment that you must confront however they are maladaptive when they occur in absence of some threatening stimuli ie they occur out of the blue or are unexpected or uncued3Give examples of some common phobias and provide an explanation for why they are so much more prevalent than other phobias3 markscommon phobias include fear of snakes spiders dogs heights water bloodThese phobias are likely more common due to Biological Preparedness or a genetic predisposition to fear certain stimuli over othersMost of the common phobias involve things that were traditionally very deadly to our ancestors and thus it was evolutionarily adaptive to have a strong fear response for these ancient dangers 4What is the difference between Bipolar I and Bipolar II disorders 2 marks Bipolar I is one or more Manic or Mixed episodes usually accompanied by Depressive episodes whereas Bipolar II is Depressive episodes accompanied by hypomania5What is Somatization Disorder 2 marksa history of many physical complaints that result in treatment being sought that cannot be explained by a medical condition and are not intentionally produced6What are the two types of Eating Disorders recognized by the DSMIV 2 marksAnorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa7What are the four classification categories of Schizophrenia 2 marksParanoid Catatonic Disorganized and Undifferentiated8List three types of InsightOriented therapy 3 marksPsychoanalytic Humanistic Gestalt Emotion Focused or Process Experiential any three9What are the three main categories of psychopharmacological drugs3 marksAntiDepressant AntiAnxiety and AntiPsychotic 10List six advantages of group therapy 3 marks any six for 12 mark each1 Efficiency2 Universality3 Empathy4 Interaction5 Acceptance6 Altruism7 Modeling8 Pressure9 Practice10 Reality Testing11 Transference 11 Describe three warning signs that signal a risk for suicide 3 marks any three one mark each1withdrawal from family and friends social isolation2changes in eating and sleeping patterns3writing or talking a lot about death4telling statements like the world would be better off without me or I would be better off dead or no one would miss me if I were dead5 periods of agitation followed by calm resignation6giving away valued possessions7taking care of unfinished business like debts and favours owed5L02011List the areas covered by each of the 5 axes of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manualfourth edition DSMIV 5 marks Axis Iall mental disorders exceptAxis IIpersonality disorders and mental retardationAxis IIIphysicalmedical disordersAxis IVpsychosocial and environmental problemsAxis VGlobal Assessment of Functioning Scale 11002How does Panic Disorder contribute to the development of Agoraphobia3 marksrecurrent panic attacks cause distress associated with high risk places like malls restaurants theatres and other public places As the fear of having a panic attack increases a person may become more and more anxious about going out to public places till eventually the person does not want to go out at all for fear of having a panic attack in a place or situation where escape is difficult or embarrassing3What is Social Phobia and what fear is thought to be at the root of the disorder 3 markssocial phobia is a marked and persistent fear of social or performance situations particularly situations that involve exposure to unfamiliar people or to possible evaluation by othersthe underlying fear is thought to be a fear that one will do something stupid or humiliating and that others will negatively evaluate the person leading to rejection loneliness and unhappiness 4What are the four types of Mood Episodes found in Mood Disorders 2 marksMajor Depressive Episode Manic Episode Hypomanic Episode Mixed Episode5What is Hypochondriasis 2 marks a preoccupation with the belief that one has a serious disease despite medical evaluation and assurance to the contrary and the person is not delusional6According to the Diagnostic and Statistical ManualIV what are the two types of Anorexia Nervosa 2 marksRestricting Type and BingePurging Type7Regarding the mental disorder Schizophrenia what type of symptoms are delusions and hallucinations 1 markpositive symptoms8 List three techniques in Rogers ClientCentered Therapy that are necessary for a good therapeutic climate 3 marksGenuineness Unconditional Positive Regard and Empathy9List three types of antidepressant medication 3 marks Tricyclic antidepressantsMonoamine Oxidase MAO inhibitorsSelective Serotonin Reuptake inhibitors 10Describe three factors that are common to all types of psychotherapy 3 marks any three one mark eachdevelopment of a strong therapeutic alliance or relationship between therapist and patientclientproviding a rationale for why the client is suffering and why these techniques help alleviate sufferingprovide an opportunity for catharsis or venting or expressing emotions in a safe environmentacquisition and practice of new behaviors and ways to respond to the worldbeneficial therapist qualities objective confident professionalpositive expectations and hope11List three predisposing conditions diatheses that can be risk factors for suicide 3 marksany three one mark eachhaving a psychological disorder
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