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Dax Urbszat

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____ 1) The prevalence estimates of both schizophrenia and bipolar disorders are roughly comparable across diverse cultures. This finding lends support to A. the relativistic view of psychological disorders B. the stress-vulnerability model of psychological disorders C. the idiosyncratic view of psychological disorders D. the pancultural view of psychological disorders ____ 2) A court declares that because of a mental illness, an individual is not responsible for his criminal actions. The individual is A. insane B. psychopathic C. psychotic D. schizophrenic ____ 3) Wendy works at Opydyne Corporation. At the last business executive meeting she showed up in pajamas and slippers. When her coworkers commented on the inappropriateness of her outfit, Wendy did not seem the least bit disturbed or embarrassed by their comments. In this example, Wendy's style of dressing would most likely be considered A. maladaptive B. personally distressing C. delusional D. culturally deviant ____ 4) The idea that you can't be profoundly relaxed and fearful at the same time is basic to A. behavior modification B. systematic desensitization C. successive goal approximations D. psychodynamic activation ____ 5) The neurodevelopmental hypothesis of schizophrenia suggests that schizophrenia may be caused, in part, by A. low levels of expressed in emotion in the family of the schizophrenic patient B. disruptions in the normal maturational process of the brain before or at birth C. genetic factors that interact with environmental stressors during infancy D. abnormal levels of dopamine and serotonin in the cerebral cortex ____ 6) Jose has a psychological disorder, and his doctor has prescribed a drug that affects both the levels of norepinephrine and serotonin in Jose's nervous system. Based on this information, it is most likely that Jose is being treated for A. an anxiety disorder B. a schizophrenic disorder C. a somatoform disorder D. depression ____ 7) Taken as a whole, the results from studies investigating mental illness among the homeless indicate that, compared to the non-homeless, homeless persons are A. less likely to suffer from mental health problems or substance abuse problems B. equally likely to suffer from mental health problems C. more likely to suffer from mental health problems D. less likely to suffer from mental health problems, but more likely to exhibit substance abuse problems ____ 8) Hiding information or things from your therapist can be evidence for A. displacement B. resistance to therapy C. transference D. counterconditioning ____ 9) Behavior therapies appear to be particularly effective in the treatment of A. major depression B. antisocial personality disorder C. phobias D. multiple-personality disorders ____ 10) Which of the following was not a problem with state mental hospitals in the United States during the 1950s and 1960s? A. The hospitals were underfunded. B. The hospitals were overstaffed. C. The hospital staff was undertrained. D. The hospitals were overcrowded. ____ 11) Erick is impulsive and unpredictable. His moods seem to be constantly changing and all his interpersonal relationships seem to be very unstable. If Erick has a personality disorder, his symptoms are most consistent with those associated with disorders in A. the dramatic/impulsive cluster B. the odd/eccentric cluster C. the anxious/fearful cluster D. the neurotic/dissociative cluster ____ 12) A two-category scheme for classification of schizophrenia has been suggested as an alternative to the older four categories. These two categories are based on A. presence or absence of delusions B. predominance of positive or negative symptoms C. early or late age of onset D. slow or fast developing symptoms ____ 13) Jack thinks constantly about dirt and germs. He washes his hands hundreds of times a day. Jack is most likely suffering from A. obsessive-compulsive disorder B. hypochondriasis C. phobic disorder D. somatization disorder ____ 14) Which of the following therapies are mainly intended to eliminate symptoms rather than alter personality? A. behavior and drug therapies B. psychoanalysis and client-centered therapy C. client-centered therapies and behavior therapies D. psychoanalysis and drug therapies ____ 15) Tony believes that he is Thomas Edison, and he is convinced that his neighbors are spies who are trying to steal his inventions. He believes the neighbors break into his house and search for plans for new inventions when he is not home. Tony's symptoms are most consistent with those seen in A. paranoid schizophrenia B. undifferentiated schizophrenia C. catatonic schizophrenia D. disorganized schizophrenia ____ 16) In free association A. clients relate the events of their dreams as they remember them B. clients are restricted to talking about their sexual conflicts only C. clients spontaneously express their thoughts and feelings exactly as they occur D. therapists openly express their interpretations of clients' thoughts and feelings ____ 17) The side effect associated with taking traditional antipsychotic drugs, that is characterized by chronic tremors and involuntary spastic movements, is A. infindibular recidivism B. tardive dyskinesia C. tachycardia palpitations D. MAO inhibition ____ 18) Which of the following statements is true? A. Men are more likely than women to enter therapy. B. People from the lower socioeconomic classes are more likely to enter therapy than those from the upper classes. C. Many people who need therapy don't receive it. D. Only people who have an identifiable mental disorder are eligible for therapy. ____ 19) The risks of ECT A. have been completely eliminated by modern improvements in the procedure B. may include both short- and long-term intellectual impairment C. are so severe that the use of ECT has been banned by law D. are negligible, as long as appropriate precautions are taken ____ 20) With regard to psychological disorders, spontaneous remission refers to a A. recovery from a disorder that occurs without formal treatment B. recovery from a disorder that occurs as a result of formal treatment C. sudden recurrence of a disorder in a client who had apparently been cured D. failure to recover despite extensive treatment ____ 21) Griffin didn't have time to study for his philosophy midterm so he called the professor and claimed he had strep throat, even though he was not really ill. He was hoping that the professor would allow him to write the midterm one day later. In this case, Griffin's "faked" illness could be considered A. a psychosomatic illness B. conversion disorder C. panic disorder D. malingering ____ 22) Of the following, which is the most accurate statement regarding eating disorders? A. Bulimia nervosa is a more life-threatening condition than anorexia nervosa. B. Both bulimia nervosa and anorexia nervosa lead to death in 2-10% of patients. C. Anorexia nervosa is a more life-threatening condition than bulimia nervosa. D. While bulimia nervosa and anorexia nervosa are both serious conditions, neither is a life- threatening condition. ____ 23) Epidemiology is the study of A. the distribution of mental or physical disorders in a population B. treatments for psychological disorders C. sudden "epidemics" involving specific mental or physical disorders D. how cultural values affect judgments of abnormality ____ 24) Which of the following therapies would be most likely to employ aversive conditioning? A. psychoanalysis B. behavior therapy C. biomedical therapies D. client-centered therapy ____ 25) According to the evolutionary view of mental disorders, a dysfunction occurs when A. an individual's behavior meets at least three of the diagnostic criteria outlined in the DSM-IV B. an evolved psychological mechanism does not perform its naturally selected function adequately or effectively C. a behavior is universally recognized as violating cultural or statistical norms D. the same disorder is evident in at least three generations of the same family ____ 26) Antipsychotic drugs A. gradually reduce psychotic symptoms such as hallucinations and delusions B. are effective in about 95 percent of psychotic patients C. tend to produce an immediate, but short-lasting, effect D. are often prescribed even for individuals who have no clinical psychotic disorder ____ 27) Sophie takes over 40 different vitamins and herbal remedies each day to keep herself in top physical health. Recently she had some severe dizziness, but her family doctor assured her that it was just a minor ear infection that would clear up in a few days. Sophie is concerned because she is sure the ear infection is the sign of something much more serious, such as a brain tumor, and she has made appointments with three different specialists to have more testing done. In this case, Sophie's symptoms are most consistent with A. somatization disorder B. conversion disorder C. panic disorder D. hypochondriasis ____ 28) Charlene is talking with her father, and she confesses that she lied about where she had been on the weekend. Her father tells Charlene that he loves her, but that he doesn't approve of her lying. According to Carl Rogers, Charlene's father is displaying the quality of A. empathy B. validity C. unconditional positive regard D. selective abstraction ____ 29) A major drug used to reduce the symptoms of schizophrenia is A. Valium B. Elavil C. Thorazine
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