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MC Test 4 full questions/answers

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Dax Urbszat

____ 1) People who score high in __________ are characterized as outgoing, sociable, upbeat, friendly, and assertive. A. neuroticism B. extraversion C. conscientiousness D. openness to experience ____ 2) The greatest inconsistency between who a person is and the impression he or she creates is likely to be found in a A. sensation seeker B. high self-monitor C. self-actualizer D. person with a realistic self-concept ____ 3) Which of the following is not one of the levels of awareness proposed by Freud? A. conscious B. unconscious C. preconscious D. collective unconscious ____ 4) Which of the following is not a common criticism of psychodynamic theories of personality? A. lack of testability B. sex bias against women C. inadequate supportive evidence D. over-emphasis on the importance of early childhood experiences ____ 5) Animals that have lesions in the ventromedial nucleus of the hypothalamus A. go for days without sleep B. lose all interest in sex C. overeat and become obese D. ignore food and often starve ____ 6) Who developed a stage theory of moral development? A. Piaget B. Kohlberg C. Gould D. Bowlby ____ 7) Candice has just joined a sorority as a means of bolstering her self-esteem. Her behavior reflects the use of __________ as a defense mechanism. A. identification B. immersion C. regression D. projection ____ 8) The basic idea behind the set-point theory of body weight is that A. the body monitors fat stores and tries to keep them stable B. the body monitors carbohydrate stores and tries to keep them stable C. the body monitors protein levels and tries to keep them stable D. glucostats are critical in weight control ____ 9) When Teresa's mother hides her favorite doll under a blanket, Teresa acts as if it no longer exists, and she makes no attempt to look for it. Based on this information, you can infer that Teresa is in Piaget's A. sensorimotor period of cognitive development B. formal period of cognitive development C. concrete period of cognitive development D. preoperational period of cognitive development ____ 10) As Danica saw the headlights coming directly at her through the fog on the highway her blood pressure rose quickly, and she felt her heart start to race. These reactions are part of the A. behavioral component in Danica's emotional experience B. objective component in Danica's emotional experience C. cognitive component in Danica's emotional experience D. physiological component in Danica's emotional experience ____ 11) Mr. and Mrs. McKavick have 3 school-age children. Their next-door neighbors, Mr. and Mrs. Clancy have 3 grandchildren who are about the same age as the McKavick's children. At the present time, based on research into marital satisfaction across the family life cycle, it is most likely that A. the McKavicks are experiencing higher levels of marital satisfaction than the Clancys are B. both couples are experiencing high levels of satisfaction in their respective marriages C. both couples are experiencing low levels of satisfaction in their respective marriages D. the Clancys are experiencing higher levels of marital satisfaction than the McKavicks are ____ 12) Alfred Kinsey argued that homosexuality and heterosexuality are A. end points on a "sexual orientation" continuum B. orientations based on early learning C. orientations that are a function of genetics D. value judgments and should be of little concern to scientists ____ 13) Maria is pursuing a highly competitive career, and she works very hard and persistently at her tasks. Maria's behavior most likely reflects A. an external locus of control B. a high achievement motivation C. a high power need D. an obsessive-compulsive personality structure ____ 14) Which of the following is not one of the key processes that researchers believe to be involved in gender-role socialization? A. observational learning B. self-socialization C. operant conditioning D. classical conditioning ____ 15) According to set-point theory, the body monitors the A. level of fat stores in the body to keep it fairly constant B. level of glucose in the bloodstream C. basal metabolic rate to keep it constant D. activity of the hypothalamus ____ 16) Unconscious fixations and unresolved conflicts are to Sigmund Freud's theory of personality as __________ is/are to B. F. Skinner's theory. A. faulty learning B. genetic vulnerability C. incongruence between self and actual experience D. innate chemical imbalances in the brain ____ 17) A person who is moody, shy, pessimistic, and distressed is likely to score high on which of the following clinical scales of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)? A. hysteria B. paranoia C. depression D. social introversion ____ 18) Conventional thinking in moral development bases morality (right or wrong) on A. the risk of punishment B. society's laws C. personal principles D. the potential rewards ____ 19) The "Coolidge effect" refers to which of the following? A. the fact that men have a stronger sex drive than women B. the tendency for women to be selective in their attraction to sexual partners C. the preference for variety in sexual partners that is seen in males of many species D. the notion that powerful men are likely to have a large number of sexual partners ____ 20) Which of the following techniques is most likely to be used to identify links between specific genes and specific traits? A. twin studies B. genetic mapping C. magnetic resonance imaging D. PET scans ____ 21) A non sequitur is basically A. a weak analogy B. a false dichotomy C. an irrelevant reason D. a circular argument ____ 22) During which stage of development do the heart, spine, and brain emerge? A. post-natal B. placental C. fetal D. embryonic ____ 23) Recent evidence that has investigated the stress and turmoil sometimes associated with adolescence suggests that A. stress and turmoil during adolescence is a universal phenomenon B. very few adolescents actually experience any stress or turmoil C. adolescence is more stressful for those raised in traditional, preindustrial cultures D. storm and stress is more likely during adolescence than at other ages ____ 24) One of the major points Mischel makes about personality is that A. people behave more consistently across situations than we have thought B. many personal traits are genetically determined C. the idea of traits is fundamental to understanding personality D. people are much less consistent across situations than most theorists have assumed ____ 25) Sexual motivation appears to be A. mostly biological B. mostly psychological C. a mixture of biological and psychological factors D. almost totally unexplainable ____ 26) Of the countries listed below, which country has the highest infant mortality rate? A. Singapore B. Hong Kong C. United States D. Ireland ____ 27) Mikaela is a quiet infant who doesn't seem to smile a lot, but who also seldom cries. She seems cautious and wary of changes in her surroundings, but eventually she adapts to the change. Using the temperament categories outlined by Thomas and Chess, Mikaela would most likely be considered to have A. a difficult temperament B. a slow-to-warm-up temperament C. an easy temperament D. an uninhibited temperament ____ 28) Stage theories of development assume that A. individuals progress through specified stages in a particular order because each stage builds on the previous stage B. environmental circumstances can sometimes cause individuals to skip stages early on and return to them later C. progress through the sequence of stages is not related to age D. there are few, if any, discontinuities in development ____ 29) Your needs for social status and for respect and recognition from others reflect the __________ needs in Maslow's hierarchy. A. cognitive B. esteem C. aesthetic D. love and belongingness ____ 30) Dylan is on a roller coaster that has just reached the top of the first climb and is starting to drop. Based on the James-Lange theory of emotions, Dylan should report A. "My racing heart must mean I'm terrified because everyone else is screaming." B. "I feel terrified because my heart is racing." C. "My heart is racing because I am terrified." D. "The sight of the drop makes my heart race and it makes me feel terrified."
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