PSY311 Term Test 2 All Possible Short Answers and Definitions:
1. A. What’s the “Competence Hypothesis” and what evidence supports it? What are key
B. Describe 5 developmental changes in self concept according to Schaffer (1996).
2. A. What is the function of a “Theory of Mind”? When does it develop and what is required for
this to take place?
B. How would a 10 year old respond to a Selman dilemma (Holly, Shawn, tree climbing)? Name
the corresponding stage(s), age range(s), and briefly describe why a 10 year old would respond
3. A. Define “Act” and “Know” and use these terms to describe key differences between Cognitive
Development and Gender Schema theories.
B. Julie (female) has both stereotypical male traits as well as stereotypical female traits whereas
Steve (male) has neither. How would you characterize their gender role orientations and why
(base your answer on Bem’s work). Would Bem consider these gender deviancy? Why or why
4. A. There is evidence that children of single parents are “at risk”. Explain. What is the most
prominent alternative explanation? Why?
B. What are the four traditional theoretical/philosophical approaches that explain how
socialization takes place? What is the child’s role in each case?
Theory of Mind
Joint Legal Custody
Undifferentiated Gender Role