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Midterm

PSY311 MIDTERM 2 REVIEW

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSY311H5
Professor
Stuart Kamenetsky
Semester
Spring

Description
5TheSelfandOthersThe self is associated with the childs cognitive development It develops through the process of social comparison and social experiences As children grow older the self reaches higher levels of complexity There are 4 important constructsSELFAWARENESSSELFCONCEPTA social structure which arises through social A cognitive aspect of the selfthe subjective knowledge experience It includes an existential aspect knowing we have of ourselves as psychological and physical that your distinct from others and selfpermanence I will beings We have an ideal self actual self and subjective always be meself Beliefs depend highly on culture are not stable and may not match what you are objectivelySELFESTEEMEMOTIONAL SELFAn individuals feelings of their own worthiness and Selfevaluation normally results in the production of competence It involves your overall evaluation of affect especially when you find out that your true self is yourself and is dependent on who you are comparing not as good as your selfconceptyourself to Individual self refers to aspects of the self that make a person unique ex I am hard working confident creative etcRelational self refers to aspects of the self that involve connections to other people and develops out of social interactions ex I love my friends I get along with my teammates and coach etcCollective self refers to the persons concept of self within a group such as a group based on race ethnicity or genderOnline self an online identity that allows people to try new identities that dont map onto their reallife selfGenomic self your biological and psychological traits Rouge test to study an infants selfrecognition researchers put a red dot on their nose or a sticker on their forehead and turn the child towards a mirror If the child recognized their reflection as themselves they will touch their own face 2 year olds recognize themselves and 4 year olds can recognize their past selves shown by a videotape of themHARTERS STAGES OF SELFDESCRIPTION DEVELOPMENT34 yearsChildren focus on observable physical features preferences possessions and social characteristics ex I have blue eyes I have a dog I like to swim57 yearsChildren focus on competencies They are very positive in their selfdescription and overestimate their abilities ex I am good at sports810 yearsChildren become more aware of their private selves and their unique feelings They use labels that are based on their abilities and interpersonal attributes ex I am popular I am nice I am helpfulEarly adolescenceChildren describe themselves in terms of social relationships personality traits emotions
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