MEMORY in adulthood

7 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Mississauga
Giampaolo Moraglia

Memory is studied using cross-sectional studies- they compare 20 year olds, with age 65 and age 85, all at one time. Some areas of memory decline, others remain stable or they improve. Why there is such a variation, is a big question. Memory= very complex: there are three processing operations: encoding, storage, retrieval. Memory is the largest, oldest, studied area in experimental psychology. As a result, memory has been categorized in many ways (some may appear to overlap) Declarative Memory: memory which can be brought to ones mind and declared. Aka non- procedural. Non-declarative memory: memory required to perform activities procedures. Aka. Procedural. Ex. Ride a bike. WITHIN DECLARATIVE MEMORY: there is an important distinction between: Semantic: ones knowledge of general facts- doesnt involve remembering time and place in which the memory was made. Episodic: information related to a specific time and place. Implicit: information retrieved without conscious effort: ex. how to start your car. Explicit: conscious effort is required to retrieve this information. ex. Remember somones name Different storehouses (which hold memory): Sensory, Short term, Long term Sensory: temporarily holds incoming sensory information (that we hear, see) which is necessary to extract information. Short-term: retains currently experienced events, which are rehearsed over and over. Ex. Remembering where to meet somebody. Long-term: retains information that is not being rehearsed in consciousness. Ex. Ones memory of their life 15 years ago. Retrospective: memory for past events Prospective: memory needed to perform future actions. Ex. Remember to come to class next week for a test.
More Less

Related notes for PSY313H5

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.