Ch. 1 Study Guide

11 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Mississauga
Kathy Pichora- Fuller

PSY213 Ch. 1 Adult Development and Aging Why study Adult Development and Aging? 1. Academic 2. Personal: thinking about their own development and aging. One can control or optimize to some extent hisher own development throughout adult years. 3. Service: wanting to know how to help others What is Developmental Psychology? -Development: combined effects of the accumulation of experiences and the consequences of time-related biological processes that affect behavior and physiology throughout the life span of individuals. The term development applies to changes in behavior that vary in a predictable and orderly way with increasing age. -Developmental change must be relatively durable and distinct from temporary fluctuations in behavior caused by mood -Development carries potentials and limits; it may include gains as well as losses in behavior -Study of development: 2 aims 1. Ontogeny or Intraindividual change: the origins and development of behavior within the individual. Intraindividual is the change that occurs over different age groups. Can be studied cross-sectionally (comparing groups of differ ages at single time or longitudinally (group of individuals over time) 2. Interindividual differences: the goal is to describe and try to explain factors that contribute to the differences between individuals as they grow older. How and why individuals develop and change as they grow older, and how and why individuals show different patterns of development and change. -Developmental psychology: the study of age-related Interindividual differences and age-related intraindividual change. The main goals of developmental psychology are to describe, explain, predict, and improve or optimize age-related behavior change. specific events or processes that occur during an interval of time are the real determinants of development and aging; time and age itself does not directly cause change -nonevents: events that we dont personally or directly experience can affect the path of development. That is we might have developed differently if we had grown up in a different neighborhood or country. -in developmental psych, behavior (just about anything people do) is the focus of study Theoretical issues in the study of adult development and aging -development includes gains as well as loss of behaviors Development as Gains and Losses -no age period is more important than another -Profound changes continue to occur throughout the life span Quantitative and Qualitative Change -Quantitative: gradual and continuous. Differences in amount or degree -Qualitative: stagewise. Changes are differences in kind of behavior Development as Co-Construction of Biology and Culture -Development is a co-construction of cultural factors interacting with genetic and neurobiological factors -Biogenetic: the presence of particular genes and genetic variations protects: against particular diseases and insults associated with lifestyle and environment events up to a point. The presence of other genes and genetic variations in combination with particular environmental risks (stressful experiences, unhealthy lifestyles) increases vulnerability to particular diseases or accelerates normal aging processes. -Biobehavioral: negative effects on dev. Include untreated high cholesterol or chronic stress. Positive effects on dev. Include exercise, and healthy diet -Behavioral-cultural: negative effects include particular events in the culture that result in anger, depression, or withdrawl. Positive effects include opportunities experiences within the culture that promote social and cognitive engagement
More Less

Related notes for PSY313H5

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.