Lecture notes and notes from book (Fundamentals of Human Neuropsychology)

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSY318H5
Professor
Melissa Holmes
Semester
Winter

Description
Introto Neuropsych:Development of Neuropsychology January-05-10 10:16PM { Traumaticbraininjury(TBI):awoundto thebrain that resultsfromablowto thehead Slide8 Whatis Neuropsychology? { Neuropsychology Scientificstudyoftherelationshipbetweenbehaviorandthebrain Drawsfrommanydisciplines,includinganatomy,biology,pharmacology,andphilosophy Experimentalresultsfromneuropsychologicalinvestigationscanbeusedtoidentify traumaticbraininjuryimpairments We learnhowthebrainfunctionfromstudyingpeoplewithbraininjury Portrait:Traumatic Brain Injury { L.D. Felldownfiveflightsofstairs CTScan revealedbleedingontherightandleftsidesofhisbrain Neuropsychologicaltestingfoundimpairedscoresformemoryandattention L.D.reporteddifficultiesinmultitasking,easyfrustrationandannoyance,inabilityto smellandtaste,anddecreasedinterestinsocialization Specificimpairment Whatis Neuropsychology? { Twoideasthatinfluenceexperimentalandtheoreticalinvestigationsofbrainfunction { TheBrainHypothesis Thebrainisthesourceof behavior { TheNeuronHypothesis Theunitofbrainstructureand functionistheneuron Theindividualneuronsareimportantinthattheyarewhatcontrolbehaviour TheBrainHypothesis { Whatisthe brain? Brain=OldEnglishwordfortissueinskull Composedoftwosymmetricalhemispheres,therighthemisphereandtheleft hemisphere Hemispheresareconnectedbycommissures,thelargestisthecorpuscallosum Innerhollowtubefilledwithcerebrospinalfluid(CSF)(cushionsthebrainandmayplaya roleinremovingmetabolicwaste) Outerlayerofwrinkledtissueknownascerebralcortex TheHuman Brain { Slide13 { Cortexisdividedintofourlobes:frontal,temporal,parietal,&occipital { Gyriarethe foldsofthecortexandsulci are thecreases(deeponesarecalledfissures - longitudinalandlateralfissures) TheHumanBrain { ThreeDivisionsoftheBrain Forebrain CerebralCortex Performshigherfunctionslikethinking,perceptionandplanning Brainstem Performsregulatoryandmovementproducingfunctions Goingfurtherdownyougetintomorebasicfunctionseg.Balanceandbreathing SpinalCord Connectedtobrainstemanddescendsdowntheback Performsregulatoryandmovementproducingfunctions Functionally: Forebrain www.notesolution.com
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