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Department
Psychology
Course
PSY325H5
Professor
Erika Carlson
Semester
Winter

Description
L6CULTURESSTEREOTYPESSELFCONCEPTselfschemapastpresentfutureotherselvessocialandpersonalidentitySOCIALIDENTITYapersonssenseofwhotheyarebasedontheirgroupmembershipsenseofbelongingintheworlddesiretobeinagroupmakeseveryoneprejudiceMINIMALGROUPSPARADIGMmethodologyinsocialpsymostwellknownasamethodforinvestigatingtheminimalconditionsrequiredfordiscriminationtooccurbetweengroupsSOCIALIDENTITYTHEORYistheportionofanindividualsselfconceptderivedfromperceivedmembershipinarelevantsocialgroupsocialcategorizationsocialidentificationsocialcomparisoncategorizationputspeopleintogroupsidentificationselfesteemgetswrappedupIamCanadiancomparisoncompareoutgroupwithothersboostselfesteembybeinginthebettergroupmaximizepostivedistinctivenessgoalisselfenhancementputdownothergroupsidentifywhowearesenseofselfbutalsoselfesteemROBBERSCAVEEXPERIMENTintergroupconflictoccurswhentwogroupsareincompetitionforlimitedresources22boysinstudydidnknoweachotherassignedtooneoftwogroupsgroupswerekeptseparatefromeachotherandhadtobondcompetitionstagephaseintendedtobringcompamongeachotheriebaseballtugofwartherewereprizesforwinnersandnotforlosersconflictstartedoffasverbaltauntingornamecallingthenitbecamemorephysicalburningoftheflagturningoverbedsstealinggroupsbecamesoaggressivetheresearchershadtophysicallyseparatethemduringcoolingoffperiodtheyhadtolistfeaturesofthetwogroupsboyscharacterizedtheirowningroupinfavourabletermsandoutgroupinunfavourabetermsthusconflictbtwngroupscantriggerprejudiceattitudesanddiscriminatorybehexplainswhythishappensinreallifewithpoliticssocialpersonalitypsychologyINGROUPOUTGROUPSTEREOTYPESconsequencesfortheselfmetastereotypeshowothergroupsviewusnormallynegativeiehowAmericansviewCanadiansevidencehomoandheteromenhavediscussionhowdoesheteroseethemhomohomosassumedtheywerebeingviewedinnegativewayseventhoughtheywerent1homosgivingoverdramaticpositivecuescompensatingfornegativebeliefthatwasnteventrueoverlypositivetogetthemtolikeyounotauthenticforthosewhowereuncomfsanotherexperimentaboriginalsvswhiteCanadianshowtheyareseenbythetheotherandwhattheyfeelwhitesassumeaboriginalsseethemaspetyrealisticnosyprejudicereportedfeelinglowerselfesteemSTEREOTYPETHREATexperienceofanxietyinasituationwhereyouhavethepotentialtoconfirmanegativestereotypethatanothergrouphasiewomenworseinmathstarttomonitorbehaviourneedtothinkaboutitusesmorecognitiveresourcesperformancesuffersiechesswomenperformedwrsethanmenmathif2womentheyget75if1woman1manherperformancegoesdowngolfnaturalphysicalabilityblacksdobettermentalstrategicgamewhitesdobtrIQdoworseifyouknowitsatestolderwhenremindedofagetheydoworseSTEREOTYPEBOOSTwhenitfacilitatesperformanceieifprimedwithasianAsiansdobetterifprimedwithwomenatmaththesameasiangirlwilldoworseCONSEQUENCESperformancelearningcanttakeinnewinfobcdistractedbyanxietynotpayingattentionblamingblameyourselfselfhandicappingdisidentificationanddisengagementpushawaygroupavoidsituationwhereyoufeelitmentalhealthstressMECHANISMSthatleadtoconsequencesframingsituationstressbloodpressurecortisollevelsincreasecognitiveresourcesperformancemonitoringselfconsciousemotionalsuppressionsuppressanxietyREDUCESTEREOTYPETHREATcriticalmassandpositiverolemodelsiewomenprofessorsoutgroupmemberspresentchangerscognitiverepresentationofwhatminoritygroupcandoieSTEMscitechmathengineeringtellpeopleaboutstereotypethreatandteachhowtomanagefeelingsofstresspromoteagrowthmindsetaboutintelligencevalueaffirmationslessstresswhenaffirmself2
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