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Midterm

Midterm 1 Review PSY344

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSY344H5
Professor
Dax Urbszat
Semester
Spring

Description
1IntroductionForensic psychology a field of psychology that deals with all aspects of human behavior as it relates to the law or the legal system ex eyewitness memory and testimony jury decision making criminal behaviour deception detection risk assessment etcLaws morals that reflect the wants and needs of people in a community It is affected by timeas society changes the law changesA forensic psychologist can have many different rolesDefinition Examples CliniciansClinical forensic psychologists are concerned Developing and testing the validation of an with the assessment and treatment of mental assessment tool used to predict the risk of an health issues as they pertain to the law or offender acting violentlylegal system This can include a wide variety Assessing an offender to assist the parole of settings such as schools prisons and hospitalsboard in making accurate decisionsDetermining criminal responsibility and fitness to stand trialForensic psychiatry also focuses on assessment and treatment of mentally ill Designing and conducting treatment people involved in the law but psychiatrists programs for offenderscan prescribe medications ResearchersExperimental forensic psychologists are Determining what factors influence jury concerned with the study of human behaviour decision makingas it relates to the law or legal system They Testing better ways to conduct eyewitness can be found in a variety of criminal justice settings lineupsStudying the impact of questioning styles on eyewitness memory recallLegal ScholarsThese forensic psychologists are more informed about the legal process and the legal system They are more likely to engage in scholarly analysis of mental health law and psychologically oriented legal movements and their applied work would most likely center around policy analysis and legislative consultation Psychology and the lawPsychology in the lawPsychology of the lawThe use of psychology to examine The use of psychology in the The use of psychology to the operation of the legal systemlegal system as that system examine the law itself operatesPsychology is viewed as a separate It addresses questions such as This domain focuses on discipline and analyses various what role should the police play components of the law from a strategies inside the law For in domestic disputes Does the psychological perspectiveexample a police officer may law reduce the amount of crime use certain techniques based in our society Why is it on various psychological important to allow for It asks questions like are principles that are useful for discretionary decision making in eyewitnesses accurate Do some extracting a confession out of the Canadian criminal justice interrogation techniques cause a suspectsystempeople to falsely confess Are judges fair when handing down sentencesInsanity the inability to determine and recognize what is right and what is wrong A person is insane if at the time the offence was committed he was labouring under such a defect of reason from disease of mind as not to know the nature and quality of the act he was doing or if he did that he did not know he was wrong MNaughten Case 1843Actus reus the physical element or behaviour ex murdering someoneMens rea the mental element or purpose ex the intentAppreciating requires an analysis of the knowledge and experience It is different from knowing an act is wrong Section 16 of the Criminal Code of Canada states the following1No person is criminally responsible for an act committed or an omission made while suffering from a mental disorder that rendered the person incapable of appreciating the nature and quality of the act or omission or of knowing it was wrong 2Every person is presumed not to suffer from a mental disorder so as to be exempt from criminal responsibility by virtue of subsection 1 until the contrary is proved on a balance of probabilities3The burden of proof that an accused was suffering from a mental disorder so as to be exempt from criminal responsibility is on the party that raises the issue Biological Theories of CrimeConstitutional Theory Chromosomal Theory Dyscontrol TheoryCrime is a product of an Chromosomal abnormality is linked Lesions in the temporal lobe and limbic individuals body build which is to criminal behaviour Men with two system result in electric disorganization in assumed to be linked to their Y chromosomes are doubly as the brain leading to dyscontrol temperament Muscular people aggressive and therefore more syndrome Symptoms of this syndrome are more likely to become likely to commit a crimeinclude outbursts of violence impulsive involved in crimesexual acts and serious traffic violationsSociological Theories of CrimeStrain TheoryDifferential Association TheoryLabelling TheoryCrime is a product of the strain by Criminal behaviour is learned A criminal results primarily from society individuals in the lower class who through social interactions in which labelling a person as defiant This have restricted access to people are exposed to values that labelling process promotes an individuals legitimate means and may turn to can be either favourable or deviant behaviour through a selffulfilling
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