lecture 1-2

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University of Toronto Mississauga
Stephen Arnott

PSYCHOLOGY OF LANGUAGELECTURE 1WHY STUDY LANGUAGEsome people have difficulty learning spoken or written language developmental disorders or have difficulty with language as a consequence of brain damagewe use lang nearly all the time technology and our cultures would be impossible wo itwe usually think in language WHAT IS HUMAN LANGUAGEa system of symbols and rules that enables us to communicatea structured system for combining words that enables us to communicate to others think about our immediate env or to imaginea cognitive system that links the sensory and cognitive representations this system is comprised of a series of intermediate representations acoustic phonetic lexical syntactic and the processes that link them PROPERTIES OF LANGUAGE language isocommunicativeoarbitraryostructured omultilayeredoproductiveoevolutionarypsycholinguistics psychological study of language1what linguistic knowledge is involved in language usecan be tacit or explicitLANGUAGESOUND STRUCTURE MEANING phonology syntax semantics morphology pragmatics 2what cognitive processes are involved in language useie perception memory thinkingFOUR LANGUAGE EXAMPLES1the novice accepted the deal before he had a chance to check his finances which put him in a state of conflict when he realized he had a straight flush garden path sentencedeal is the ambiguous word a business transactionwith referense to a card game2indirect requestsie wash the dishes vs can you wash the dishes3language in aphasiaie before I was in the one here I was over in the other one my sister had the department in the other one4language acquistion in childrenie a child struggles with her shoe and the mother asks what are you doing the child responds offie child points at her fav toy doll and says doll HISTORY OF PSYCHOLINGUISTICSpsycholoinguists flourished twiceolate 1800searly 1900s Europe wundt huey
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