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Cheat Sheet for RLG101 Exam

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University of Toronto Mississauga
Kenneth Derry

Cheat Sheet Quiz 1: Q: Which of the following statements would Malory Nye agree with? A: The “worlds religions” approach because it tends to classify diff. traditions. & Religion is what people do. Q: According to Derry, which of the following do ALL religions have in common? A: Change over time & Syncretism. Q: According to Derry, religion „has always had a [a] impact [b] even on people who do not see themselves as [c].” A: severe, world, and indigenous. Q: According to Nye, all cultures have a word that has the same meaning as the English world “religion.” A: False. Quiz 2: Q: As Vine Deloria, Jr., suggests the main problem involved with non-indigenous scholars talking about indigenous religion and culture is that such scholars are outsiders to community A: False. Q: In the same way that cultural studies may focus on seemingly trivial cultural _, " according to Nye, “this cultural approach to _ religion may find itself in the unexpected place of analyzing _ music (or any other forms of music) as a form of contemporary _ religion. A: Icons, Popular, Club, popular. Q: Which of the following would represent example of "ideal" culture in the sense that Raymond Williams use the term? A: Michelangelo, Beethoven, The Quran. Q: Which of the following illustrates Stuart hall's views on power and popular culture? A: A person‟s social standing generally determines how much of an impact that person has on what society considers “good quality” or “high” culture & People who go to the ballet tend to be wealthier than people who go to rock concerts. Q: "The people who have control of you _ control of your voice also have control of your _ your culture" A: Stories, Destiny. Quiz 3: Q: The author of which children‟s book once called for the extermination of Native American people? A: The Wizard of Oz. Q: In the film Crocodile Dundee the main character states, “_ don‟t own the land. They belong to it.” This statement may seem harmless, but it is actually similar to a legal concept called terra _ that was used to deprive many Indigenous people of their land rights. A: Aborigines, Nullius. Q: Nye disagrees with Althusser‟s view that it is virtually impossible to escape the power of ideology, which is the power to trap us into subjugation while at the same time making us think we are free. A: True. Q: Which of the following ideas fit the perspective of Michel Foucault? A: Power shapes discourses, and through these discourses knowledge is constructed. & When we live under conditions of constant surveillance, we come to participate in systems of control over ourselves. Q: Which word refers to the complex means by which those who are ruled over come to accept and feel they have a stake in the powers that are exploiting and controlling them? A: Hegemony. Quiz 4 Q: Gender roles in Indigenous cultures were almost always very rigid and flexible. A: False. Q: As outlined by Nye, criticisms of religion that focus on gender include consideration of which following? A: Religion has been profoundly oppressive and harmful to women & The gods of many religions are male & sacred texts have been publicly interpreted by men & many sacred texts are written by men. Q: Match Gender Theorists. A: Mary Daly= God (as an object of belief) can be reduced to patriarchal oppression & Judith Butler=Gender is a powerful discourse and creates the sense of which we define and understand the bodies we live in. & Michel Foucault=Where there is power, there is resistance & Hala Shukrallah=Women are often given the task of symbolically representing traditional values & Gayatri Spivak=The subaltern cannot speak. Q: One lesson that Dr. _ Brants story of the Cree/Mohawk gathering teaches us is that the “eyes we see through are the ones we have ­ _ from our own _. A: Clare & Inherited & Cultures. Q: According to Nye considerations of gender highlight some of the weaknesses of tradition ways of studying religion? A: True. Quiz 5 Q: It is more important to use jargon and complex language in an academic essay than to support your argument with evidence. A: False. Q: Which of the following terms likely represents an example of biased language? A: Female chef, Mankind. Q: Which of the following is an accurate description of a thesis statement? A: If one of your body paragraphs appears irrelevant to your thesis statement, you must delete the paragraph or rewrite your thesis. & Arriving at a good final thesis statement may require revising it more than once as you work out your ideas and revisit your primary source materials. Quiz 6 Q: According to Nye, what is problematic about the idea that religion in general is primarily about belief? A: Some traditions may in fact put more emphasis on different aspects of religious behaviour, such as ritual& this idea universalizes a primarily Christian concept. Q: According to_ Edward, religion is “the belief in _beings.” A: Tylor & Spiritual. Q: Luther Standing Bear recalls: “Many of these questions were answered in form by the older people. How we got our, where came from and why flashed in the sky, were all answered in stories.” A: Story, Pipestone, Corn, Lightning. Q: Which of the following points about stories and orality would Derry agree with? A: Relationships appear to be an important aspect of some Indigenous stories about the afterlife& Oral cultures are just as capable of philosophical thought and self-reflection as cultures that use writing. Q: It was the German philosopher Ludwig Feuerbach who first proposed that, if horses could draw, their gods would look like horses. A: False. Quiz 7: Q: According to Derry, which of the following statements regarding Indigenous sacrificial rituals are true? A: Many sacrificial rituals are not primarily about an exchange of gifts & the lodge for the Sun Dance ritual is linked to the creation of the world. Q: Fill in the missing parts of this quote: “ _ said, what are we going to do? They asked themselves, where are we _? We are going in search of knowledge, _, and justice.” A: They& Going& Truth. Q: There is good evidence to support Carl Jung‟s theory that there are some fundamental symbols with meanings shared by all people. A: False. Q: According to Arnold van Gennep, all rites of passage have three stages. In order of occurrence, these are; _, limiality, and _. A: Separation& Incorporation. Q: Match the Ritual theorists: Victor Turner = Symbols are the lowest form of ritual &Catherine Bell = We should avoid using the term “ritual” if possible & Maurice Bloch= Ritual is a type of language& Emile Durkheim= The performance of ritual creates relationships between people in a society& Arnold van Gennep= Ritual actions often work to transform people‟s concepts of time, space, and society. Quiz 8: Q: Which of the following points appear in Derry‟s text? A: In many indigenous stories about creation or tricksters order and life can result from chaos and death &the importance of relationship is evident in many indigenous stories about creation, as well as in many trickster stories. Q: Match Text theorists. A: Michel Foucault = what we see as the author is a creation of our own understanding, a creation that helps us to give meaning to text& Roland Barthes = there is no authoritative meaning of a text that depends on the author‟s intention & Jacques Derrida = language not only describes reality, but in fact there is no reality outside of language& Judith Fetterley = what is considered classic literature consists mainly of works written by and for men& Hugh Pyper = the bible has exerted more influence on western culture than any other book. &Max Muller = religious text represent the authentic doctrine of a religion‟s founders and their disciples. Q: The study of _texts involves both _ religious works, and more „minor‟ or _ texts, including other cultural products such as _. A: Religious, Major, Popular, Films. Q: Which of the following statement would Nye agree with? A: Religious texts are important not just for they say but for how a community uses them. Quiz 9: Q: S. Brent Plate would disagree with the following statement: Tastes in art are culturally constructed and invariably associated with socioeconomic status. A: False Q: Which of the following is NOT one of the components of the “field of vision” that S. Brent asserts we must take into account when considering the meaning of an image? A: The identity of those who own the image. Q: Match the piece of visual culture with the context or belief, that determines an important part of its meaning. Navajo Hogan=views about the creation of the world& Epa mask= ritual celebrating male passage into adulthood &Bunu cloth= symbolic meaning of “white” &Representation of Krishna made from dung=religious attitudes towards cows &Pomo spirit baskets= personal visions &Maori carving of Tihori= symbolic meaning of koru design. Q: According to the course texts, which of the following statements are true? A: Relationships are very important to Indigenous creative work. Q: “The way into the _ was a round hole at the side of a hill . . . Worshippers and those who came to seek knowledge from the _ crawled on their belly through the hole and found themselves in a dark, endless space in the presence of _.” A: Shrine, God, Agbala. Quiz 10: Q: Complete this quote: “His mind is full of change and CURVE and hope he knows it is being lightly trapped. He laughs. Maybe there is the DANCE as she says. Creati
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