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David Miller

Final Religion Exam Study Questions __________________________________________________________________ LECTURE QUESTIONS 1) ABRAM, or later ABRAHAM, is the symbolic figure in the Hebrew Bible who becomes the PATRIARCH of Judaism, Christianity and Islam. Who was ABRAHAM and why was he so important in later Judaic, Christian and Islamic traditions? Abram born in 1850 BCE believed by archaeologists Abram means the Great Father already symbolic name. He is therefore a symbolic figure. Abram later changed to Abraham Patriarch of the 3 religions also known as the religion of Abraham. He is therefore the common father. Led the chosen people on a migration as described in the Genesis (1 book) Born in UR, Mesopotamia (Iraq). Migrated with father, Terah, to Haran. There, received prophetic call from God (Yhwh) God instructs Abram to leave his country and fathers house to the land that will make of him a great nation. So from Haran, went to the promise land. Abraham with wife Sarah (Sarai) migrated to Canaan (Palestine Israel). Famine in Canaan caused Hebrews to go to Egypt. When Abram 75, was rich in livestock, silver and gold. Returned to Canaan. Sarah could not have children. Had an Egyptian slave girl, Hagar, give birth to Ishmael. Islam traces it lineage through Ishmael. When Abram 99, God appeared to make covenant. Essence of contract do not stray from the one god. Renamed to Abraham meaning ancestor of a multitude of nations the patriarch Sign of contract male circumcision. Practised in Judaism and Islam. God makes Sarah, 89, give birth to Isaac who he then makes covenant with. Ishmael is blessed and made a great nation. When Abraham 100, Isaac born and circumcised on the 8 dayth Abrahams faith tested when told to kill Isaac. Took knife, but angel of the lord stop him, for he now knew he feared god. In quran, it is Ishmael and a dream. Abraham symbol of absolute faith. First monotheist prophet. Led people to promise land. Patriarch of Judaism through Isaac. Patriarch of Christianity and Islam thru Ishmael. 2) *****What is the relationship of ABRAHAM to the later religious traditions of Judaism, Christianity and Islam. 3) Describe the first encounter of MOSES with GOD (YHWH) at Mount Sinai, as it appears in the HEBREW BIBLE. How does this story differ from MOSES encounter with GOD (ALLAH) in the QURAN and what characteristics of the PROPHETIC EXPERIENCE do both accounts share? Mose Egyptian name to bear to beget drawn out named after the event from which he was saved (lifted from the Nile). Hence Moses Born 1300-1250 BCE historical context, time of Ramesis II nd In Exodus (experience) 2 book of the Hebrew bible Moses kills Egyptian for beating a Hebrew. Flees Egypt. Goes to Midian, SE of Sinai. [tending sheep which leads him to Mount Sinai. Angel of the Lord appear om a flame of fire out of a bush. Bush blazing, not consumed. (awe) God calls out, Moses, Moses! Moses says here I am God says Come no closer! Remove your sandals, for the place on which you are standing is Holy Ground (fear) I am the god of your Fathers, the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob the God of the Patriarchs. *Jacob son of Isaac afraid to look at God in fear of his face Moses asks God what to say to the Israelites. After saying the God of your ancestors has sent me, and they ask what is his name, what should I say? God says I am who I am (yhwh Yahweh) I am has sent me to you Name of god so sacred that the Jewish people do not say it. Importance Moses questions Gods will or commandment. Suppose to act immediately! In Quran: paraoah behaves arrogantly and divides people. Weakens sections by slayin male children. Moses sent out a member of the pharohs family takes him in. wife says he will prove to be a source of joy. When older, saw two men fighting, one was his own, he called for help and moses kills the other. Flees. With family, sees fire by Mt.Sinai. in tree, god calls out I am allah, Lord of the worlds. Commanded to put down rod, it turns into a snake. Moses runs. Called back. God do not be afraid for you are those who are secure (in faith) God grants moses and aaron and followers signs to convince pharoh. Taken as sorcery. Pharoh calls himself god! Arrogant and insolent. So him and his hosts were seized and flug into the sea. Cursed and so on day of judgement, will suffer. Moses and company crosses sea. At mt Sinai, asks to see god. God says he cant, but look at mountain. If it says in place, then you can. God explodes it. Moses faints and falls.
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