Final Religion Exam Study Questions
1)ABRAM, or later ABRAHAM, is the symbolic figure in the Hebrew Bible who
becomes the PATRIARCH of Judaism, Christianity and Islam. Who was
ABRAHAM and why was he so important in later Judaic, Christian and Islamic
Abram born in 1850 BCE – believed by archaeologists
Abram means the Great Father – already symbolic name. He is therefore a symbolic figure.
Abram later changed to Abraham
Patriarch of the 3 religions – also known as the religion of Abraham. He is therefore the
Led the chosen people on a migration as described in the Genesis (1st book)
Born in UR, Mesopotamia (Iraq). Migrated with father, Terah, to Haran. There, received
prophetic call from God (Yhwh)
God instructs Abram to leave his country and father’s house to the land that will make of him
a great nation. So from Haran, went to the promise land.
Abraham with wife Sarah (Sarai) migrated to Canaan (Palestine – Israel). Famine in Canaan
caused Hebrews to go to Egypt.
When Abram 75, was rich in livestock, silver and gold. Returned to Canaan.
Sarah could not have children. Had an Egyptian slave girl, Hagar, give birth to Ishmael.
Islam traces it lineage through Ishmael.
When Abram 99, God appeared to make covenant. Essence of contract do not stray from
the one god. Renamed to Abraham meaning “ancestor of a multitude of nations – the
Sign of contract male circumcision. Practised in Judaism and Islam. God makes Sarah, 89,
give birth to Isaac who he then makes covenant with. Ishmael is blessed and made a great
When Abraham 100, Isaac born and circumcised on the 8th day
Abraham’s faith tested when told to kill Isaac. Took knife, but angel of the lord stop him, for
he now knew he feared god. In qur’an, it is Ishmael and a dream.
Abraham symbol of absolute faith. First monotheist prophet. Led people to promise land.
Patriarch of Judaism through Isaac. Patriarch of Christianity and Islam thru Ishmael.
2)*****What is the relationship of ABRAHAM to the later religious traditions of
Judaism, Christianity and Islam.
3) Describe the first encounter of MOSES with GOD (YHWH) at Mount Sinai, as it
appears in the HEBREW BIBLE. How does this story differ from MOSES’ encounter
with GOD (ALLAH) in the QUR’AN and what characteristics of the PROPHETIC
EXPERIENCE do both accounts share?
Mose – Egyptian name “to bear / to beget / drawn out” named after the event from which he
was saved (lifted from the Nile). Hence Moses
Born 1300-1250 BCE – historical context, time of Ramesis II
In Exodus (experience) 2nd book of the Hebrew bible
Moses kills Egyptian for beating a Hebrew. Flees Egypt. Goes to Midian, SE of Sinai.
[tending sheep which leads him to Mount Sinai. Angel of the Lord appear om a flame of fire
out of a bush. Bush blazing, not consumed. (awe)
God calls out, ‘Moses, Moses!’
Moses says ‘here I am’
God says ‘Come no closer! Remove your sandals, for the place on which you are standing is
Holy Ground’ (fear)
‘I am the god of your Fathers, the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob” – the God of the
Patriarchs. *Jacob son of Isaac
afraid to look at God in fear of his face
Moses asks God what to say to the Israelites. After saying the God of your ancestors has sent
me, and they ask what is his name, what should I say?
God says “I am who I am” (yhwh – Yahweh) “I am has sent me to you”
Name of god so sacred that the Jewish people do not say it.
Importance Moses questions God’s will or commandment. Suppose to act immediately!
In Qur’an: paraoah behaves arrogantly and divides people. Weakens sections by
slayin male children. Moses sent out a member of the pharoh’s family takes him in.
wife says he will prove to be a source of joy. When older, saw two men fighting, one
was his own, he called for help and moses kills the other. Flees.
With family, sees fire by Mt.Sinai. in tree, god calls out “I am allah, Lord of the
worlds.” Commanded to put down rod, it turns into a snake. Moses runs. Called back.
God “do not be afraid” – for you are those who are secure (in faith)
God grants moses and aaron and followers signs to convince pharoh. Taken as
sorcery. Pharoh calls himself god! Arrogant and insolent. So him and his hosts were
seized and flug into the sea. Cursed and so on day of judgement, will suffer. Moses
and company crosses sea.
At mt Sinai, asks to see god. God says he cant, but look at mountain. If it says in
place, then you can. God explodes it. Moses faints and falls.
4) Describe in detail the second encounter of MOSES with GOD (YHWH) at Mount
Sinai after the EXODUS of the Hebrews from EGYPT. In Jewish tradition what is
the TORAH that was given to MOSES by God (YHVH)?
Moses and followers wander for 40 years – a whole generation
On third new moon after Israelites out of Egypt, ventured onto the wilderness of Sinai.
Camped by the mountain, Moses meets God
God tells Moses to tell the house of Jacob, and Israelites , that they have seen what God did
to the Egyptians and how God brought Moses to the mountain on eagles’ wings. If Moses
obeys and keeps covenant, he will be God’s most prized possession out of all the peoples.
On morning of third day: thunder, lightening, thick clouds, loud trumpet. (fear, awe)
Moses brings people to foot of mountain. Mountain covered in smoke with God’s presence
Mountain quakes, trumpet becomes louder. Mountain smoked. People backed up.
God speaks from heaven
Moses speaks, God replies in thunder. Told to come up the mountain. Only him
If others gaze at God, they perish. priests must consecrate themselves before approaching
God reveals will – the Torah. Law. Moses writes periodically and finishes the Torah before
his death. Wrote the 10 commandments.
Torah is written from oral form. Five books revealed to Moses.
b. Adam – Eve, genealogy of Humanity
c.Abraham thru Joseph
b. 10 Commandments
b. Clean and unclean laws
a.Moses and the Exodus Generation
b. Moses and the New Generation
c.More laws, sacrifices
a.Reaffirmation of the covenant
b. Speeches by Moses
c.Death of Moses