2)*****What is the relationship of ABRAHAM to the later religious traditions of
Judaism, Christianity and Islam.
3) Describe the first encounter of MOSES with GOD (YHWH) at Mount Sinai, as it
appears in the HEBREW BIBLE. How does this story differ from MOSES’ encounter
with GOD (ALLAH) in the QUR’AN and what characteristics of the PROPHETIC
EXPERIENCE do both accounts share?
Mose – Egyptian name “to bear / to beget / drawn out” named after the event from which he
was saved (lifted from the Nile). Hence Moses
Born 1300-1250 BCE – historical context, time of Ramesis II
In Exodus (experience) 2nd book of the Hebrew bible
Moses kills Egyptian for beating a Hebrew. Flees Egypt. Goes to Midian, SE of Sinai.
[tending sheep which leads him to Mount Sinai. Angel of the Lord appear om a flame of fire
out of a bush. Bush blazing, not consumed. (awe)
God calls out, ‘Moses, Moses!’
Moses says ‘here I am’
God says ‘Come no closer! Remove your sandals, for the place on which you are standing is
Holy Ground’ (fear)
‘I am the god of your Fathers, the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob” – the God of the
Patriarchs. *Jacob son of Isaac
afraid to look at God in fear of his face
Moses asks God what to say to the Israelites. After saying the God of your ancestors has sent
me, and they ask what is his name, what should I say?
God says “I am who I am” (yhwh – Yahweh) “I am has sent me to you”
Name of god so sacred that the Jewish people do not say it.
Importance Moses questions God’s will or commandment. Suppose to act immediately!
In Qur’an: paraoah behaves arrogantly and divides people. Weakens sections by
slayin male children. Moses sent out a member of the pharoh’s family takes him in.
wife says he will prove to be a source of joy. When older, saw two men fighting, one
was his own, he called for help and moses kills the other. Flees.
With family, sees fire by Mt.Sinai. in tree, god calls out “I am allah, Lord of the
worlds.” Commanded to put down rod, it turns into a snake. Moses runs. Called back.
God “do not be afraid” – for you are those who are secure (in faith)
God grants moses and aaron and followers signs to convince pharoh. Taken as
sorcery. Pharoh calls himself god! Arrogant and insolent. So him and his hosts were
seized and flug into the sea. Cursed and so on day of judgement, will suffer. Moses
and company crosses sea.
At mt Sinai, asks to see god. God says he cant, but look at mountain. If it says in
place, then you can. God explodes it. Moses faints and falls.