Lecture Question 2 - exam

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21 Mar 2011

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2. Describe the PROPHETIC EXPERIENCE of MOSES with GOD (YHWH) at Mount Sinai, as
it appears in the Hebrew Bible. How does this story dif fer from MOSESencounter with
In the Hebrew Bible Moses first encounter with God was when he was tending a flock of
sheep at Mount Sinai. There the angel of the Lord appeared in a flame of fire out of a bush. God
called to Moses out of the bush and told Moses that he was the God of the patriarchs. Moses in a
state of fear hides his face and asks God for his name to which God tells Moses not to question
his will. In the Qur’an it is stated that Moses was with his family rather than a flock of sheep. While
out Moses saw a fire in the direction of Mount Sinai, which turned out to be a tree rather than a
bush. Allah than reveals himself to Moses and made Moses rod move like a serpent, which
results Moses running away in fear. Allah calls Moses back and informs Moses that those who
follow Allah would be triumphant. Both accounts share the elements of fear and awe of the
prophetic experience. The prophetic experience of Moses with God (YHWH) at Mount Sinai, in
the Hebrew Bible is different from the encounter with God (Allah) in the Qur’an. The experience at
Mount Sinai, according to the Hebrew Bible, Moses was tending to a flock of sleep, when he
came to the mountain. It was there that Moses saw a bush ablaze in which an angel of the lord
appeared to him, whilst looking he noticed that although the bush was ablaze it was not being
consumed. He then heard the voice of the Lord, “Moses! Moses! Come no closer! Remove your
sandals, for the place on which you are standing is Holy Ground! Fur ther, I am the god of your
fathers. The God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, (the God of the Patriarchs). With fear, Moses hid
his face, as he was afraid of looking at god. Moses asked God, “If I come to the Israelites and say
to they The God of your Ancestors has sent me to you and they ask me what is his name. What
shall I say to them?God said to Moses, “ I am Who I Am” (YHWH-YAHWEH), he said further “I
am has sent me to you” (do not question god’s will or commandment). YHWH is Wholly other-
transcendent- mysterium tremendum. The experience at Mount Sinai, according to the Qur’an,
Moses was set out with his family, when he perceived a fire in the direction of the mountain. When
he came to it, he was called by voice from a tree” “Moses, I am Allah, Lord of the Worlds, put
down they rod. When Moses saw it move as if it were a serpent. He turned his back and ran, and
did not look back. Then he was called again: “Moses come forward and be not afraid, for you are
of those who are secure (in faith). With our signs shall your triumph- you two (Moses and Aaron)
as well as those who follow you
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