3. Describe in detail the second encounter of MOSES with GOD (YHWH) at Mount Sinai
after the EXODUS of the Hebrews from EGYPT. How might you characterize this religious
In the Hebrew Bible: Moses was tending a flock of sheep, when he saw a blazing bush on
fire, but was not consumed. The angel of God appeared from within the bush, and Moses was in
awe. A voice called out saying, “Moses!” and Moses responded by saying, “Here I am!” the voice
said. “Do not come closer, without taking off your sandals, as you are stepping on holy ground”
the god of patriarchs was not seen because Moses was too afraid to look as he was overcome
with fear. Moses then asked, if he went to the Israelites and told them he was sent by God, and if
they ask, “What was his name”, what am I supposed to say? Upon hearing this god said, “I am
who I am” telling Moses to never question him or his commandments again and to go and free the
people in Egypt.
In the Qu’ran: Moses sets out with his family, and sees a fire in the direction of Mount Sinai. As he
comes closer to the fire, a voice calls out to him, “Moses, I am Allah, Lord of the worlds. Put down
thy rod.” When Moses dropped his rod, it turned into a serpent. Upon watching this, Moses turned
around and ran without looking back, only to be called back again. God said. “do not fear for you
are secure in faith.”
Similarities: Both the accounts share the prophetic experience characteristics that god is the
wholly other, transcendent mysterious tremendum via fire which caused awe and fear upon the
prophet. Moses was the prototype of the prophet.
Differences: the Hebrew asks for the name of the God, while the Qu’ran asks for a vision of god.
In the Muslim religion, you are not allowed to visualize god, since he cannot be seen as a picture
or an image.
4. According to Biblical Historians, which of the four GOSPELS was written first and how
does that GOSPEL begin? How do the other three GOSPELS begin and of what
importance are the “beginnings” to Christian theologians?
-The first gospel was written by Mark, and started with the baptism of Jesus by John the
Baptist, who preached baptism for repentance of sin.
-He stated that, “after me is he (Jesus) who is mightier than I...I have baptized you with
water, he will baptize you with holy spirit.”
-Jesus went through the prophetic experience during baptism. He saw the heavens
opened and the sprits descending upon him like a dove, and a voice (god) calling to him
from the heaven, “thou art my beloved son, with thee I am very pleased.”
-It is said that, this was the point when Jesus became divine and was adopted by god as
-Luke begins with the birth of John the Baptist, and then Jesus.
-Joseph flees to the “city of David” called Bethlehem.
-Introduces the genealogy of Jesus from Joseph through David through Abraham to
-Jesus became divine at birth.
-John started with, “in the beginning was the word, and the word was God. He was in the
beginning with God; all things (cosmos) are created through him...and the word became
-The word was incarnate in Jesus
-Jesus was divine from the beginning, he was the word God created.
-Word with creative principle.
-Transcendence of god through Jesus.
-Jesus is of the same essence of God
oTrinity: 1) Father 2) Son 3) Holy Spirit
-Jesus was also seen as the sacrificial lamb
o“behold the lamb of god, who takes away all the sins of the world”
-Matthew begins with, the genealogy of Jesus from Abraham, to David to Joseph.
-Then, Jesus is born in Bethlehem, Virgin Mary.
-Life and baptism of Jesus
-Matthews gospel refers back to the Torah
oJesus was called to fulfill the prophecy, not abolish the Torah.
oNew convenent, New Testament.
-Jesus’ life, death, and resurrection.
-The beginnings of the Gospels are important because they reflect Jesus’ divinity and
lineage, and outline his life as the Son of God and his resurrection.
-On in mark, Jesus is divine at baptism.
Describe in detail the second encounter of moses with god (yhwh) at mount sinai after the exodus of the hebrews from egypt. In the hebrew bible: moses was tending a flock of sheep, when he saw a blazing bush on fire, but was not consumed. The angel of god appeared from within the bush, and moses was in awe. A voice called out saying, moses! and moses responded by saying, here i am! the voice said. Do not come closer, without taking off your sandals, as you are stepping on holy ground the god of patriarchs was not seen because moses was too afraid to look as he was overcome with fear. Upon hearing this god said, i am who i am telling moses to never question him or his commandments again and to go and free the people in egypt. In the qu"ran: moses sets out with his family, and sees a fire in the direction of mount sinai.