Friends - Religion rough notes.doc

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David Miller

Essay Questions 1. F. Max Muller is regarded as one of the founding fathers of religionswissenschaft (the science of religion) What is the method of religionswissenschaft? 2. Discuss MIRCEA ELIDAE’s concept of “Heirophanies”? 3. Why did Mircea Eliade find the idea of “reductionism” in the field of history of religions so dangerous? historians of religion 1. The method of Religionswissenschaft that influenced Mircea Eliade consisted of two dimensions Historical and Systematic. First he used the Systematic dimension (morphological method) in his book. In his book he started it by using how the sky, waters, earth, and stones were created. These analyses were based on Eliade's notion of the dialectic of the sacred, in order to show how far those hierophanies constitute autonomous forms. Since the method that Eliade used was based of Max Muller - throughout the book he examined both the lower and higher religious forms, as in done in evolutionary schemes. pg 87 2. Contributions of Mircea Eliade he exerted a tremendous influence on more advance student with yoga and shamanismand australian religion. Eliade was also willing to use nonphilosophical and nonethological terms in an elegant literary styleto discuss religious subjects that attracted many secularized youth. He was also the first at finding the historical studies called History of Religion. He also insisted that a work of art reveals its meaning only when it is seenas an autonomous artistic creation and nothing else. pg 88 3. Mysterium Tremendum - refers to the mystry before which one trembles, which evokes a strong sense of "creture feeling". This experience according to Otto, includes a double dimension of a response to the holy - which is an element of shaking fear or replusion and an element of powerful attraction or fascination. The exp
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