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RLG201H5 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Sigmund Freud

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Religion and Culture
the way in which one lives one’s personality is bound up with
one’s culture, and the way in which a person embodies and lives
their culture depends, of course, on their individual or parcular
personality most scholars looked at personality as a reason for the
existence of religion
Sigmund Freud proposed that religion is a misguided and
unhealthy outcome of the problems inherent in a young boy
working through, on an individual basis, his relaonship with his
father. But Freud ignored his own parcularly cultural assumpons
in pu"ng forward such a theory. That is, his ideas about how
humans become religious depended on ideas of behaviour specific
to his parcular culture. They also relied very heavily on a view
which assumed all religions were similar to Chrisanity and
Judaism. Freud made the assumpon that religion is derived from
the boys psychological process of making up a heavenly father-
figure called god to compensate for relaons with his own father.
Does not apply to none Chrisans, also the idea of fatherhood can
change over me even in the ‘same’ culture
that culture, and cultural di)erence, is a crucially important factor
if we want to try to understand religion Although as individuals we
may interpret, live with, and reconstruct that worldview in a way
that suits our own personality and needs, we can never fully escape
the parameters of our own parcular culture ex the experiences of
being a Chrisan in each of these contexts are extremely di)erent,
at the level of language, dress, lifestyle, and many other areas of
daily pracce.
Thus the religion strongly influences the culture, and the culture is
itself the medium through which the religion is experienced and
pracsed. In other words, the ‘religion’ is not some free-floang
thing that exists outside of the cultural se"ng; to understand it we
must also understand that context.
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