[RLG204H5] - Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (12 pages long!)

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6 Feb 2017
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RLG204H5
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Lecture 3 RLG204
Muhammed after he became a prophet: after Hijra (after his flight to medina)
Muhammad’s achievements in Medina
Unified 2 enemy tribes in Medina
Assimilated Meccan’s Muslims into Medina society the use of Muslim brotherhood
Drafted the first Islamic constitution
Regulated Muslim’s relation with Jewish and Christian communities
Invented Shura: Islamic Participatory decision-making
His challenge with “Muslim” Hippocrates (Munafeghin)
His attempt to conquer mecca
Wars with Meccans (Badr and Uhud)
o Cannot go to war for power, money, and land, or even to spread the message
o First battle: Badr, number of soldiers was limited, therefore angels helped
o Second battle: Uhud, did not follow the prophet’s orders because they thought
they were going to win every time. For personal interests, if that is your goal than
you will lose the battle (Islamic view)
o Third battle: Hudaybiya ceasefire agreement, the sahabas were against the
agreement because it was not a fair agreement. Prophet still chose the agreement
because peace was better than war. The message would spread in medina, and it
would bring solidarity. Violence is the most important issue.
o According to Islam, Content (of the agreement) is the first priority while form is
second. However, for fundalism, it’s the opposite.
o What is the main goal of Islam? Salvation
o All Abrahamic religions are violence (because you cannot find God in war in
wars, there are no rules).
o Economy is important in Medina, because without a strong community, you
cannot function.
o Prophet tried to have solidarity based on economy, and belief.
o In the Western society, people are united due to interests, and justification
Muhammad’s peace with Meccans and subsequent conquer of Mecca
Muhammad’s last speech: gave birth to Muslim Ummah
Muhammad’s letter to world leaders: Ethiopia, Egypt, Byzantine, and Persian
Tawheed’s functions
Connection
Responsibility
Justice control level of solidarity
What is the philosophy of day of of judgement?
Philosophy of hope and judgement
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It means that don’t give up
Philosophy of hope and patience
Tawheed and day of judgement are connected to each other
o In tawheed you have responsibility
o The concept of freedom of knowledge
o If you have knowledge and freedom to choose then you are responsible for your
actions.
o Behaviour is measure ed by the knowledge and the fredoom you had
Radical fundamentalists are against day of judgment
o They don’t believe in choosing.
Nation state is not the same thing as the Muslim Ummah
Nation state is based on the land, border
Cannot apply the nation state’s audit on the Ummah & vice versa
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