RLG204H5 Final: RLG204 Article Summaries
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Department
Religion
Course
RLG204H5
Professor
Alireza N Haghighi
Semester
Winter

Description
RLG204 Hadia Saeed Article Summaries Week 6 to Week 8 Week 6 Islam in Historical Perspective By Alexander Knysh Week 7 A Tradition of Misogyny By Fatema Mernissi Abu Bakra was a companion of Prophet Muhammad during his life time enough to be able to report the hadith that He had spoken Apparently, Bakra reported that when Persians had appointed a woman to rule them, the Prophet said that those who entrust affairs to women will never know prosperity although the prophet was very for women empowerment In order to actually prove this we must look at the work of Ibn Hajar, alAsqalani AlAsqalani does a linebyline interpretation of each of the hadiths Bakra was a slave from Taif during war in Taif when prophet Muhammad tried to conquer it after Mecca, He asked for slaves in Taif to join his army and many did, Bakra was one of them and in doing so he converted and found freedom in Islam o Bakra was a very pious man and remained so, his children were of the notables of Busra Bakra didnt have a paternal genealogy tracing it was important in Islam to trace the paternal line because it is important to know if women were having sex within marriage o During jahiliyya, there was no way to distinguish the permitted from forbidden and licit from illicit so this was an innovation in Islam Revolutionary practices that Islam institutionalized Idda which is the waiting period that a Muslim woman shall not marry in after divorce or death of her husband o This is in order to ascertain the natural father of the child in case she is pregnant Aisha was familiar with military expeditions and before besieging the city of Ali after the prophets death, she contacted all notables of the city which Bakra was a part of Muslims found themselves on opposite sides of the conflict Fitna which is civil war and points weapons inward instead of outward as Allah commanded Civil war is the biggest threat to Islam people thought biggest threat was lack of justice Prophet said to never turn your back on reprehensible acts some people use this as excuse for assassination In Basra, people assembled and assessed the situation between Ali and Aisha and demanded to know all details and to treat it as a democracy in order to make decision people said they werent consulted in any decisions and Aisha made them all herself so questioned her search for Ali Abu Bakra said his hadith about women here to Aisha Many chose neutrality but Bakra justified it through fact that one party was a woman o Aisha was defeated o Aisha was still respected very rarely was she insulted and only by ordinary people (not leaders) Bakra continued to bring up hadiths about Ali and his successors
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