Jahiliya question

2 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Mississauga
Alireza Haghighi

Exam Ansnwers Discuss the reasons why the Arabias way of life before Islam is called Jahiliyya by explaining a) its main characteristics and b) its significance in Islamic thought. The society of Pre-Islamic Arabia, that is before the prophecy of prophet Muhammad, was considered to be a state of Jahiliyya, in other words, the society was caught in a state of ignorance. In the society, Mecca and Medina were growing powers of wealth due to their commerce and Meccas mercantile centre, creating a new political and social order. To paint a picture of this society, we can look at it in a religious context as well as a social and ethical one. In the religious context, the society was considered to be jahili because there was a lack of tawhid. Instead, the belief was in polytheism, where the people worshiped many gods and goddesses, who were the protectors of the tribes and were associated with objects. Instead of being loved, these spirits were feared and many rituals were performed in order to keep the idols happy, the Kaaba being a central shrine. The lack of tawhid in this jahili society leads its members to form the critireas of a jahili code of ethics and value system. Looking at it from a social and ethical point of view, the society paid great importance and loyalty to tribalism and lineage. This trabalistic view lead the society to inter-tribal warfare, which was a form of economic activity, effecting the moral structure of the society. The philosophy about tribalism in this society was for a sense of protection and identity, because if you did not belong to a tribe, you had
More Less

Related notes for RLG204H5

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.