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lecture 8 and 9 exam review.docx

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University of Toronto Mississauga
Cary Takagaki

Lecture 8: buddhism in china, the pure land & chan schools Pure land buddhism th  Beginnings of pure land in china 5 century c.e  Bases its techings and practices on bliss sutra  Talks about ritual practice of Buddhism  Based upon 2 sutras bliss sutra and pure land sutra  Was developed in the late 2 century c.e The larger sukhavati vyuha (pure land sutra) -the Buddha said to Ananda: In the distant past there was a king who heard the Buddha and he was awakened to the desire of enlightenment He gave up his throne to be become a monk named dhamakara In the pure land sutra the king says when he becomes a Buddha he will create a cosmic heaven and all extensions of beings The king mkes 48 vows but of them 3 are important to us 1, 2 and 18 1.when he attains Buddha-hood or enlightenment there will be no hungry spirits animal or hell 2. in his paradise, people cannot fall backwards. If humans do fall back he will not take perfect enlightenment 18. *most important vow* All you need to do is call my name ten times and you will be brought into my paradise Ananda asks the Buddha what happened to the guy? Buddha replies that he became a Buddha and now lives in paradise far away to the west His paradise is called the land of bliss Amitabha-omito Fo- Pure Land-Western Paradise -Amitabha is a contemplation Buddha welcoming people to his pure land -pure land surrounded by other buddhas and bodhisattvas th -call on his name ten times (18 vow) which gurantees that you will reach nirvana as opposed to samsara which takes longer -beautiful paradise of humans and buddhas-no lower life forms -birds in the paradise?= lower life forms, no created by Buddha magically in order to preach the dharma to Buddha -there are a lot of buddhas in the pureland and they all have the 32 primary marks of a great man -visualize food and you will feel as if you are already eating it -no bad feelings of sadness etc in the pure lands -this is not nirvana but once you are here you only need a few more lifetimes in order to reach nirvana 38. there are no women in the pure land. The women who come int the pure land will be reborn men -reborn into a lotus flower because there are not women Nien-fo-Nembutsu  The recitation of the name of amitabha Buddha  No-mi ami-to-f0 hail to the homage of amitabha Buddha  Ta-li-tarki-other power ; dependence on other powers rather than ones own (tsu-li) th  Because of the 18 vow counting on other powers  It is believed that the amitabha Buddha is full of compassion and good merit and therefore he is th ale to transfer you into the pure land, he takes it upon himself on the 18 vow in order to bring everyone into the pure land Meditation School (dhyana) -chan (Chinese) -zen (Japanese) -names imply these schools are based on meditation -Mahakasyapa understoof what the Buddha meant without talking -teaching is not passed down by books but through disciples -enlightenment is sudden if you don’t have it you dont have it but once you do it hits you -complete understanding = eg. Passion fruit -a scripture outside your nature the experience is sudden Bodhidharma th st  The 28 patriarch of chan in India and the 1 patriarch of chan in china  Third son of the Indian king & became a monk studying with prajnatana  Goes to Chinese emperor wu who was a devoted Buddhist  Bodhidharma turned around and left the palace  Crossed the yellow river into another part of china  He found a ruined temple shao-lin-ssu and set himself up in a cave behind it sitting facing the wall  He meditated for 9 years  He ripped out his eye lids  Became tea leaves The lankatavara Sutra (descent to the island of lanka) -4 c.e -our minds lead us stray but at the same time we can use our minds to find enlightenment -ultimately everything is empty & there is no discrimination our minds create discrimination -similar to yogacara school our consciousness makes all the discrimination but actually doesn’t exist -mode of nature of this nirvana is emptiness which is the status of all reality Hui Heng  6 patriarch in china extremely poor and only a child  Attained enlightenment & left his mother to study with a man in the east mountain  Becomes apprentice to head monk Lecture 9- Buddhism in japan Shinto = way of the gods -indigenous tradition of japan Kami= gods Introduction of Buddhism in japan 552 common era  Korean king sent an envoy to japan saying other kingdoms are trying to attack korea and needed military help 
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